Articles

  • Disease

    Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)

    Blood is comprised of red blood cells, platelets, and various white blood cells.

    Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a in which the immune system destroys platelets, which are necessary for normal blood clotting. Persons with the disease have too few platelets in the blood. ITP is sometimes called immune thrombocytopenic purpura or simply, immune thrombocytopenia.

  • Disease

    Immune hemolytic anemia

    Antigens are large molecules (usually proteins) on the surface of cells, viruses, fungi, bacteria, and some non-living substances such as toxins, chemicals, drugs, and foreign particles. The immune system recognizes antigens and produces antibodies that destroy substances containing antigens.

    Anemia is a condition in which the body does not have enough healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells provide oxygen to the body’s tissues. Red blood cells last for about 120 days before the body gets rid of them. In hemolytic anemia, red blood cells in the blood are destroyed earlier than ...

  • Test

    Immunoelectrophoresis - urine

    The female and male urinary tracts are relatively the same except for the length of the urethra.

    Urine immunoelectrophoresis is a laboratory test that measures immunoglobulins in a urine sample. Immunoglobulins are that function as , which fight infection. There are various types of these proteins. Some can be abnormal and may be due to cancer. Immunoglobulins can also be measured in the .

  • Special Topic

    Intrinsic factor

    Intrinsic factor is a protein that helps your intestines absorb vitamin B12. It is made by cells in the stomach lining.

  • Disease

    Iron deficiency anemia

    Hemoglobin is the most important component of red blood cells. It is composed of a protein called heme, which binds oxygen. In the lungs, oxygen is exchanged for carbon dioxide. Abnormalities of an individual's hemoglobin value can indicate defects in the normal balance between red blood cell production and destruction. Both low and high values can indicate disease states.

    Anemia is a condition in which the body does not have enough healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells provide oxygen to body tissues. There are many types of anemia. Iron deficiency anemia occurs when your body does not have enough iron. Iron helps make red blood cells.