Finding Prostate Cancer
When prostate cancer is suspected, your physician will order imaging procedures to help provide as much information as possible and determine the most effective, individualized course of treatment.
Typically, imaging procedures for prostate cancer patients seek to identify the size and extent of the primary prostate tumor, as well as to determine whether and to what extent prostate cancer has spread to other parts of the body (metastasis).
CT scans to diagnose prostate cancer
A computed tomography (CT) scan rapidly generates two-dimensional pictures of your anatomy. These images are taken in “slices,” or cross-sectional images. When the slides are combined and presented as three-dimensional images on a computer, they create full images that allow for an in-depth clinical evaluation. To aid in diagnosis, Scripps offers the latest CT technology, including several low dose CT scanners that reduce of radiation exposure and its associated risks.
MRI for prostate cancer
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is one of the most advanced diagnostic tools for clinicians to use in cancer detection. It allows physicians to see inside the body without using ionizing radiation. In prostate cancer patients, MRI procedures can reveal metastatic tumors, if present.
PET for prostate cancer
A Positron emission tomography (PET) scan may be used to detect early stage prostate cancer, and can also identify whether cancer has spread to other parts of the body (metastasis). In the fields of nuclear medicine and imaging, PET has emerged as a revolutionary diagnostic imaging technology that can aid in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases that cannot be detected by other imaging methods. This highly sophisticated technology provides physicians with specific information about the function of organs and cells. PET scanning can locate and stage malignant disease and noninvasively monitor the effects of treatment. PET can also replace multiple medical testing procedures with a single exam, reducing or eliminating ineffective or unnecessary treatment.