Articles

  • Surgery

    Abdominal exploration

    The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

    Abdominal exploration is surgery to look at the organs and structures in your belly area (abdomen). This includes your: Appendix Bladder Gallbladder Intestines Kidney and ureters Liver Pancreas Spleen Stomach Uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries (in women) Surgery that opens the abdomen is called ...

  • Surgery

    Appendectomy

    There are three body views (front, back and side) that may be helpful if you are uncertain of a body area. Many areas are referred to by both descriptive and technical names. For example, the back of the knee is called the popliteal fossa. However, areas like the "flank" may not have both names, so the location may be unclear.

    An appendectomy is surgery to remove the appendix.

  • Surgery

    Colostomy

    Colostomy is a surgical procedure that brings one end of the large intestine out through an opening (stoma) made in the abdominal wall. Stools moving through the intestine drain through the stoma into a bag attached to the abdomen.

  • Surgery

    Ileostomy

    An ileostomy is an opening in your belly wall that is made during surgery. An ileostomy is used to move waste out of the body when the colon or rectum is not working properly. The word “ileostomy” comes from the words “ileum” and “stoma.” Your ileum is the lowest ...

  • Surgery

    Intestinal obstruction repair

    This abdominal x-ray shows an intestinal condition in which a loop of bowel has slipped into another section of bowel (intussusception), causing swelling, reduced blood flow, obstruction, and tissue damage. Intussusception requires emergency treatment (barium enema or surgery) to prevent intestinal tissue death (necrosis), intestinal perforation, peritonitis, and death.

    Intestinal obstruction repair is surgery to relieve a . A bowel obstruction occurs when the contents of the intestines cannot pass through and exit the body. A complete obstruction is a surgical emergency.

  • Surgery

    Large bowel resection

    The large intestine (or colon, or large bowel) is the last structure to process food, taking the undigestible matter from the small intestine, absorbing water from it and leaving the waste product called feces. Feces are expelled from the body through the rectum and the anus.

    Large bowel resection is surgery to remove all or part of your large bowel. This surgery is also called colectomy. The large bowel is also called the large intestine or colon. Removal of the entire colon and the rectum is called a proctocolectomy. Removal of part or all of the colon but not the ...

  • Surgery

    Meckel’s diverticulectomy

    Meckel’s diverticulectomy is surgery to remove an abnormal pouch on the lining of the small intestine (bowel). This pouch is called a .

  • Surgery

    Small bowel resection

    Small bowel resection is surgery to remove part or all of your small bowel. It is done when part of your small bowel is blocked or diseased. The small bowel is also called the small intestine. Most digestion (breaking down and absorbing nutrients) of the food you eat takes place in the small ...

  • Surgery

    Total abdominal colectomy

    Total abdominal colectomy is the removal of the large intestine from the lowest part of the small intestine (ileum) to the rectum. After it is removed, the end of the small intestine is sewn to the rectum.

  • Surgery

    Total proctocolectomy and ileal - anal pouch

    Total proctocolectomy and ileal-anal pouch surgery is the removal of the large intestine and most of the rectum. The surgery is done in one or two stages.

  • Surgery

    Total proctocolectomy with ileostomy

    Total proctocolectomy with ileostomy is surgery to remove all of the colon (large intestine) and rectum.

  • Surgery

    Umbilical hernia repair

    Umbilical hernia repair is surgery to repair an . An umbilical hernia is a sac (pouch) formed from the inner lining of your belly (abdominal cavity) that pushes through a hole in the abdominal wall at the belly button.