Articles

  • Disease

    Campylobacter infection

    The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

    Campylobacter enteritis is an infection of the small intestine with Campylobacter jejuni bacteria.

  • Disease

    Celiac disease - sprue

    The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

    Celiac disease is a condition that creates inflammation in the small intestine, and damage in the lining. This prevents important components of food from...

  • Disease

    Cholangitis

    The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

    Cholangitis is an infection of the common bile duct, the tube that carries from the liver to the gallbladder and intestines. Bile is a liquid made by the...

  • Disease

    Choledocholithiasis

    The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

    Choledocholithiasis is the presence of at least one gallstone in the common bile duct. The stone may be made up of pigments or calcium and cholesterol salts.

  • Disease

    Cholera

    The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

    Cholera is an infection of the small intestine that causes a large amount of watery diarrhea.

  • Disease

    Cholestasis

    The gallbladder is an organ that normally functions to store bile excreted from the liver. Bile is a solution composed of water, bile salts, lecithin, cholesterol and some other small solutes. Changes in the relative concentration of these components may cause precipitation from solution and formation of a nidus, or nest, around which gallstones are formed. Gallstones can become large and block the opening from the gallbladder or cystic duct. This produces pain in the right upper quadrant or midepigastrum (above the belly button) in the abdomen that feels like cramping.

    Cholestasis is any condition in which the flow of from the liver is slowed or blocked.

  • Disease

    Chronic cholecystitis

    This is a CT scan of the upper abdomen showing cholecystitis (gall stones).

    Chronic cholecystitis is swelling and irritation of the gallbladder that continues over time. The gallbladder is a sac located under the liver. It stores...

  • Disease

    Chronic pancreatitis

    The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

    Chronic pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas that does not heal or improve, gets worse over time, and leads to permanent damage.

  • Disease

    Cirrhosis

    Clubbing may result from chronic low blood-oxygen levels. This can be seen with cystic fibrosis, congenital cyanotic heart disease, and several other diseases. The tips of the fingers enlarge and the nails become extremely curved from front to back.

    Cirrhosis is scarring of the liver and poor liver function. It is the last stage of chronic liver disease.

  • Disease

    CMV - gastroenteritis/colitis

    The gastrointestinal system is comprised of the stomach, and the small and large intestines.

    CMV gastroenteritis/colitis is inflammation of the stomach or intestine due to infection with cytomegalovirus (CMV). Related conditions include: