Articles

  • Disease

    Campylobacter infection

    The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

    Campylobacter enteritis is an infection of the small intestine with Campylobacter jejuni bacteria.

  • Disease

    Celiac disease - sprue

    The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

    Celiac disease is a condition that damages the lining of the small intestine and prevents it from absorbing parts of food that are important for staying healthy. The damage is due to a reaction to eating gluten, which is found in wheat, barley, rye, and possibly oats.

  • Disease

    Cholangitis

    The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

    Cholangitis is an infection of the common bile duct, the tube that carries from the liver to the gallbladder and intestines. Bile is a liquid made by the liver that helps digest food.

  • Disease

    Choledocholithiasis

    The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

    Choledocholithiasis is the presence of at least one gallstone in the common bile duct. The stone may be made up of pigments or calcium and cholesterol salts.

  • Disease

    Cholera

    The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

    Cholera is an infection of the small intestine that causes a large amount of watery diarrhea.

  • Disease

    Cholestasis

    The gallbladder is an organ that normally functions to store bile excreted from the liver. Bile is a solution composed of water, bile salts, lecithin, cholesterol and some other small solutes. Changes in the relative concentration of these components may cause precipitation from solution and formation of a nidus, or nest, around which gallstones are formed. Gallstones can become large and block the opening from the gallbladder or cystic duct. This produces pain in the right upper quadrant or midepigastrum (above the belly button) in the abdomen that feels like cramping.

    Cholestasis is any condition in which the flow of from the liver is slowed or blocked.

  • Disease

    Chronic cholecystitis

    This is a CT scan of the upper abdomen showing cholecystitis (gall stones).

    Chronic cholecystitis is swelling and irritation of the gallbladder that persists over time. The gallbladder is a sac located under the liver. It stores bile that is made in the liver. Bile helps the intestines digest fats.

  • Disease

    Chronic pancreatitis

    The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

    Chronic pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas that does not heal or improve, gets worse over time, and leads to permanent damage.

  • Disease

    Cirrhosis

    Clubbing may result from chronic low blood-oxygen levels. This can be seen with cystic fibrosis, congenital cyanotic heart disease, and several other diseases. The tips of the fingers enlarge and the nails become extremely curved from front to back.

    Cirrhosis is scarring of the liver and poor liver function. It is the final phase of chronic .

  • Disease

    CMV - gastroenteritis/colitis

    The gastrointestinal system is comprised of the stomach, and the small and large intestines.

    CMV gastroenteritis/colitis is inflammation of the stomach or intestine due to infection with cytomegalovirus (CMV). See also:

  • Disease

    Colitis

    The large intestine (colon) absorbs most of the fluid from foods.

    Colitis is swelling (inflammation) of the large intestine (colon).

  • Disease

    Crohn's disease

    Crohn's disease is an inflammation of the intestines caused by immune response to an infection. The lining of the intestine may ulcerate and form channels of infection, called fistulas. Fistulas tunnel from the area of ulceration, creating a hole which may continue until it reaches the surface of the organ, or the surface of nearby skin. These holes typically spread the infection that creates them, and life-threatening conditions such as peritonitis (inflammation of the lining of the abdomen) may occur.

    Crohn’s disease is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It usually affects the intestines, but may occur anywhere from the mouth to the end of the rectum (anus). is a related condition.