Articles

  • Disease

    Hepatic encephalopathy

    The digestive system organs in the abdominal cavity include the liver, gallbladder, stomach, small intestine and large intestine.

    Hepatic encephalopathy is the loss of brain function that occurs when the liver is unable to remove toxins from the blood. The exact cause of hepatic enceph...

  • Disease

    Hepatic hemangioma

    This angiogram (an X-ray taken after dye has been injected into the blood stream) shows a mass of blood vessels (hemangioma) in the liver.

    A hepatic hemangioma is a liver tumor made of widened (dilated) blood vessels. It is not cancerous. A hepatic hemangioma is the most common type of liver tum...

  • Disease

    Hepatic ischemia

    The proper hepatic artery supplies blood to the liver.

    Hepatic ischemia is a condition in which the liver does not get enough blood or oxygen, causing injury to liver cells. Low blood pressure from any condition ...

  • Disease

    Hepatic vein obstruction (Budd-Chiari)

    The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

    Hepatic vein obstruction is a blockage of the hepatic vein, which carries blood away from the liver. Hepatic vein obstruction prevents blood from flowing out...

  • Disease

    Hepatitis

    The liver serves a wide variety of body functions, including detoxifying blood and producing bile that aids in digestion.

    Hepatitis is swelling and inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis can be caused by: Immune cells in the body attacking the liver Infections from viruses (such ...

  • Disease

    Hepatitis A

    The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

    Hepatitis A is inflammation (irritation and swelling) of the liver from the hepatitis A virus. The hepatitis A virus is found mostly in the stools and blood ...

  • Disease

    Hepatitis B

    Hepatitis B is also known as serum hepatitis and is spread through blood and sexual contact.  It is seen with increased frequency among intravenous drug users who share needles and among the homosexual population.  This photograph is an electronmicroscopic image of hepatitis B virus particles.  (Image courtesy of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.)

    Hepatitis B is irritation and swelling (inflammation) of the liver due to infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Other types of viral hepatitis include:...

  • Disease

    Hepatitis C

    The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

    Hepatitis C is a viral disease that leads to swelling (inflammation) of the liver. Other types of viral hepatitis include: Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Hepatitis...

  • Disease

    Hepatocerebral degeneration

    The liver serves a wide variety of body functions, including detoxifying blood and producing bile that aids in digestion.

    Hepatocerebral degeneration is a brain disorder that occurs in people with liver damage. This condition may occur in any case of acquired liver failure, incl...

  • Disease

    Hepatorenal syndrome

    The urinary system is made up of the kidneys, ureters, urethra and bladder.

    Hepatorenal syndrome is a condition in which there is progressive kidney failure. It occurs in a person with cirrhosis of the liver. It is a serious complica...

  • Disease

    Hiatal hernia

    This x-ray shows the upper portion of the stomach protruding through the diaphragm (hiatal hernia).

    Hiatal hernia is a condition in which part of the stomach extends through an opening the diaphragm into the chest. The diaphragm is the sheet of muscle that ...