Articles

  • Disease

    Diabetes

    The pancreas is located behind the liver and is where the hormone insulin is produced. Insulin is used by the body to store and utilize glucose.

    Diabetes is usually a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there is a high level of sugar in the blood.

  • Disease

    Gigantism

    Endocrine glands release hormones (chemical messengers) into the bloodstream to be transported to various organs and tissues throughout the body. For instance, the pancreas secretes insulin, which allows the body to regulate levels of sugar in the blood. The thyroid gets instructions from the pituitary to secrete hormones which determine the pace of chemical activity in the body (the more hormone in the bloodstream, the faster the chemical activity; the less hormone, the slower the activity).

    Gigantism is abnormal growth due to an excess of during childhood.

  • Disease

    Growth hormone deficiency - children

    Endocrine glands release hormones (chemical messengers) into the bloodstream to be transported to various organs and tissues throughout the body. For instance, the pancreas secretes insulin, which allows the body to regulate levels of sugar in the blood. The thyroid gets instructions from the pituitary to secrete hormones which determine the pace of chemical activity in the body (the more hormone in the bloodstream, the faster the chemical activity; the less hormone, the slower the activity).

    Growth hormone deficiency means the pituitary gland does not make enough growth hormone.

  • Disease

    Hyperthyroidism

    The thyroid gland, a part of the endocrine (hormone) system, plays a major role in regulating the body's metabolism.

    Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland makes too much thyroid hormone. The condition is often called overactive thyroid.

  • Disease

    Hypoglycemia

    Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas in response to increased glucose levels in the blood.

    Low blood sugar is a condition that occurs when the body’s blood sugar (glucose) is too low. Blood sugar below 70 mg/dL is considered low. Blood sugar at or below this level can be harmful. The medical name of low blood sugar is hypoglycemia.

  • Disease

    Hypothyroidism

    Endocrine glands release hormones (chemical messengers) into the bloodstream to be transported to various organs and tissues throughout the body. For instance, the pancreas secretes insulin, which allows the body to regulate levels of sugar in the blood. The thyroid gets instructions from the pituitary to secrete hormones which determine the pace of chemical activity in the body (the more hormone in the bloodstream, the faster the chemical activity; the less hormone, the slower the activity).

    Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone. This condition is often called underactive thyroid.

  • Disease

    Insulinoma

    Endocrine glands release hormones (chemical messengers) into the bloodstream to be transported to various organs and tissues throughout the body. For instance, the pancreas secretes insulin, which allows the body to regulate levels of sugar in the blood. The thyroid gets instructions from the pituitary to secrete hormones which determine the pace of chemical activity in the body (the more hormone in the bloodstream, the faster the chemical activity; the less hormone, the slower the activity).

    An insulinoma is a in the pancreas that produces too much insulin.

  • Disease

    Obesity

    Obesity increases a person's risk of illness and death due to diabetes, stroke, heart disease, hypertension, high cholesterol, and kidney and gallbladder disease. Obesity may increase the risk for some types of cancer. It is also a risk factor for the development of osteoarthritis and sleep apnea.

    Obesity means having too much body fat. It is not the same as being overweight, which means weighing too much. A person may be overweight from extra muscle, bone, or water, as well as from having too much fat. Both terms mean that a person’s weight is higher than what is thought to be healthy ...

  • Disease

    Osteoporosis - overview

    A bone density scan measures the density of bone in a person.  The lower the density of a bone the higher the risk of fractures.  A bone scan, along with a patient's medical history, is a useful aid in evaluating the probability of a fracture and whether any preventative treatment is needed.  A bone density scan has the advantage of being painless and exposing the patient to only a small amount of radiation.

    Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become fragile and more likely to fracture.

  • Disease

    Polycystic ovary syndrome

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition in which a woman has an imbalance of female sex hormones. This may lead to changes in the menstrual cycle, , trouble getting pregnant, and other health problems.

  • Disease

    Thyroid cancer

    This CT scan of the upper chest (thorax) shows a malignant thyroid tumor (cancer). The dark area around the trachea (marked by the white U-shaped tip of the respiratory tube) is an area where normal tissue has been eroded and died (necrosis) as a result of tumor growth.

    Thyroid cancer is a cancer that starts in the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located inside the front of your lower neck.

  • Disease

    Thyroid nodule

    A thyroid nodule is a growth (lump) in the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located at the base of the neck.

  • Disease

    Type 1 diabetes

    The catheter at the end of the insulin pump is inserted through a needle into the abdominal fat of a person with diabetes. Dosage instructions are entered into the pump's small computer and the appropriate amount of insulin is then injected into the body in a calculated, controlled manner.

    Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there is a high level of sugar (glucose) in the blood.

  • Disease

    Type 2 Diabetes

    Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas in response to increased glucose levels in the blood.

    Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there is a high level of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.