Articles

  • Disease

    Diabetes

    Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas in response to increased glucose levels in the blood.

    Diabetes is usually a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there is a high level of sugar in the blood.

  • Disease

    Diabetes and eye disease

    A slit-lamp, which is a specialized magnifying microscope, is used to examine the structures of the eye (including the cornea, iris, vitreous, and retina). The slit-lamp is used to examine, treat (with a laser), and photograph (with a camera) the eye.

    Diabetes can harm the eyes. It can damage the small blood vessels in the retina, the back part of your eye. This condition is called diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes also increases the chance of having glaucoma, cataracts, and other eye problems.

  • Disease

    Diabetes and kidney disease

    The urinary system is made up of the kidneys, ureters, urethra and bladder.

    Diabetic nephropathy is kidney disease or damage that can occur in people with .

  • Disease

    Diabetes and nerve damage

    Diabetes can damage the nerves and cause a complication called neuropathy. This generally begins as loss of sensation in the toes, and possibly fingers. Eventually, the neuropathy can move up the person's legs or arms.

    Nerve damage that occurs in people with diabetes is called diabetic neuropathy. This condition is a complicaiton of .

  • Nutrition

    Diabetes diet - gestational

    is high blood sugar (glucose) that starts or is first diagnosed during pregnancy. Eating a balanced diet is an important part of any pregnancy. Diet is even more important if you have diabetes. This article discusses the diet recommendations for women with gestational diabetes who do NOT take ...

  • Nutrition

    Diabetes diet - type 2

    The American Diabetes Association and the American Dietetic Association have developed specific dietary guidelines for people with . This article focuses on diet recommendations for people with type 2 diabetes.

  • Disease

    Diabetic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome

    Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas in response to increased glucose levels in the blood.

    Diabetic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome (HHS) is a complication of that involves extremely high blood sugar (glucose) levels without the presence of ketones. Ketones are byproducts of fat breakdown.

  • Disease

    Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas in response to increased glucose levels in the blood.

    Diabetic ketoacidosis is a life-threatening problem that affects people with . It occurs when the body cannot use sugar (glucose) as a fuel source because there is no insulin or not enough insulin. Fat is used for fuel instead. When fat breaks down, waste products called ketones build up in the ...

  • Disease

    Gestational diabetes

    The pancreas is located behind the liver and is where the hormone insulin is produced. Insulin is used by the body to store and utilize glucose.

    Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar () that starts or is first diagnosed during pregnancy.

  • Disease

    Gigantism

    Endocrine glands release hormones (chemical messengers) into the bloodstream to be transported to various organs and tissues throughout the body. For instance, the pancreas secretes insulin, which allows the body to regulate levels of sugar in the blood. The thyroid gets instructions from the pituitary to secrete hormones which determine the pace of chemical activity in the body (the more hormone in the bloodstream, the faster the chemical activity; the less hormone, the slower the activity).

    Gigantism is abnormally large growth due to an excess of during childhood, before the bone growth plates have closed.

  • Disease

    Growth hormone deficiency - children

    Endocrine glands release hormones (chemical messengers) into the bloodstream to be transported to various organs and tissues throughout the body. For instance, the pancreas secretes insulin, which allows the body to regulate levels of sugar in the blood. The thyroid gets instructions from the pituitary to secrete hormones which determine the pace of chemical activity in the body (the more hormone in the bloodstream, the faster the chemical activity; the less hormone, the slower the activity).

    Growth hormone deficiency means the pituitary gland does not make enough growth hormone.

  • Disease

    Hyperthyroidism

    The thyroid gland, a part of the endocrine (hormone) system, plays a major role in regulating the body's metabolism.

    Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland makes too much thyroid hormone. The condition is often called overactive thyroid.

  • Disease

    Hypoglycemia

    Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas in response to increased glucose levels in the blood.

    Hypoglycemia is a condition that occurs when your blood sugar (glucose) is too low. Blood sugar below 70 mg/dL is considered low. Blood sugar at or below this level can harm you.

  • Disease

    Hypothyroidism

    Although the thyroid gland releases the hormones which govern growth and metabolism, the brain (the pituitary and the hypothalamus) manages the release and the balance of the amount of hormones circulated.

    Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone. This condition is often called underactive thyroid.

  • Disease

    Insulinoma

    Endocrine glands release hormones (chemical messengers) into the bloodstream to be transported to various organs and tissues throughout the body. For instance, the pancreas secretes insulin, which allows the body to regulate levels of sugar in the blood. The thyroid gets instructions from the pituitary to secrete hormones which determine the pace of chemical activity in the body (the more hormone in the bloodstream, the faster the chemical activity; the less hormone, the slower the activity).

    An insulinoma is a in the pancreas that produces too much insulin.

  • Disease

    Metabolic syndrome

    Metabolic syndrome is a name for a group of risk factors that occur together and increase the risk for , , and .

  • Disease

    Obesity

    Obesity increases a person's risk of illness and death due to diabetes, stroke, heart disease, hypertension, high cholesterol, and kidney and gallbladder disease. Obesity may increase the risk for some types of cancer. It is also a risk factor for the development of osteoarthritis and sleep apnea.

    Obesity means having too much body fat. It is not the same as being overweight, which means weighing too much. A person may be overweight from extra muscle, bone, or water, as well as from having too much fat.Both terms mean that a person’s weight is higher than what is thought to be healthy ...

  • Disease

    Osteoporosis - overview

    Exercise plays an important role in the retention of bone density in the aging person. Studies show that exercises requiring muscles to pull on bones cause the bones to retain and possibly gain density.

    Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become fragile and more likely to fracture. Usually the bone loses density, which measures the amount of calcium and minerals in the bone.

  • Disease

    Polycystic ovary syndrome

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition in which a woman has an imbalance of a female sex hormones. This may lead to menstrual cycle changes, , trouble getting pregnant, and other health changes.

  • Disease

    Postherpetic neuralgia

    Postherpetic neuralgia is pain that lasts for more than a month after a infection occurred. The pain may last for months or years.

  • Disease

    Thyroid cancer

    This CT scan of the upper chest (thorax) shows a malignant thyroid tumor (cancer). The dark area around the trachea (marked by the white U-shaped tip of the respiratory tube) is an area where normal tissue has been eroded and died (necrosis) as a result of tumor growth.

    Thyroid cancer is a cancer that starts in the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located inside the front of your lower neck.

  • Disease

    Thyroid nodule

    A thyroid nodule is a growth (lump) in the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located at the base of the neck.

  • Disease

    Type 1 Diabetes

    A person with diabetes constantly manages their blood's sugar (glucose) levels. After a blood sample is taken and tested, it is determined whether the glucose levels are low or high. If glucose levels are too low carbohydrates are ingested. If glucose in the blood is too high, the appropriate amount of insulin is administered into the body such as through an insulin pump.

    Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there is a high level of sugar (glucose) in the blood.

  • Disease

    Type 2 Diabetes

    A person with type 2 diabetes can use exercise to help control their blood sugar levels and provide energy their muscles need to function throughout the day.  By maintaining a healthy diet and sufficient exercise, a person with type 2 diabetes may be able to keep their blood sugar in the normal non-diabetic range without medication.

    Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there is a high level of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.An easy way to get more exercise is:The correct answer is all of the above. When it comes to being more active, every movement counts. ...