Articles

  • Disease

    Achilles tendinitis

    An inflamed or torn Achilles tendon causes intense pain and affects mobility.

    Achilles tendinitis is when the tendon that connects the back of your leg to your heel becomes swollen and painful near the bottom of the foot. This tendon...

  • Symptoms

    Ankle pain

    Mild to severe swelling and bruising can accompany a sprain to the ankle. Bruising usually indicates tearing of ligament tissue and a more severe sprain.

    Ankle pain involves any discomfort in one or both ankles.

  • Surgery

    Ankle replacement

    Ankle anatomy

    Ankle replacement is surgery to replace the damaged bone and cartilage in the ankle joint. Artificial joint parts (prosthetics) are used to replace your own...

  • Surgery

    Bunion removal

    removal is surgery to treat deformed bones of the big toe and foot.

  • Disease

    Bunions

    A bunion forms when your big toe points toward the second toe. This causes a bump to appear on the inside edge of your toe.

  • Disease

    Bursitis of the heel

    Flexibility exercise in its simplest form stretches and elongates muscles. Disciplines which incorporate stretching with breath control and meditation include yoga and t'ai chi. The benefits of greater flexibility may go beyond the physical to the improvement of stress reduction and the promotion of a greater sense of well-being.

    Bursitis of the heel is swelling of the fluid-filled sac (bursa) at the back of the heel bone under the Achilles tendon.

  • Symptoms

    Claw foot

    Claw toe is a deformity of the foot in which the toes are pointed down and the arch is high, making the foot appear claw-like. Claw toe can be a condition from birth or develop as a consequence from other disorders.

    Claw foot is a deformity of the foot. The toe joint nearest the ankle is bent upward and the other toe joints are bent downward. The toe looks like a claw.

  • Disease

    Corns and calluses

    The skin is the largest organ of the body.  The skin and its derivatives (hair, nails, sweat and oil glands) make up the integumentary system. One of the main functions of the skin is protection.  It protects the body from external factors such as bacteria, chemicals, and temperature.  The skin contains secretions that can kill bacteria and the pigment melanin provides a chemical pigment defense against ultraviolet light that can damage skin cells.  Another important function of the skin is body temperature regulation. When the skin is exposed to a cold temperature, the blood vessels in the dermis constrict. This allows the blood which is warm, to bypass the skin.  The skin then becomes the temperature of the cold it is exposed to.  Body heat is conserved since the blood vessels are not diverting heat to the skin anymore.  Among its many functions the skin is an incredible organ always protecting the body from external agents.

    Corns and calluses are thick layers of skin. They are caused by repeated pressure or friction at the spot where the corn or callus develops.

  • Disease

    Flat feet

    Flat feet (pes planus) refers to a change in foot shape in which the foot does not have a normal arch when standing.

  • Symptoms

    Foot pain

    Along with questions of your medical history, your doctor may need to take x-rays of your foot to help aid in making a diagnosis to determine the cause of your foot pain. If the foot is broken it will be put into a cast. Toes that are broken are taped.

    Pain or discomfort can be felt anywhere in the foot. You may have pain in the heel, toes, arch, instep, or bottom of foot (sole).

  • Special Topic

    Foot pain causes

    The foot is made up of tarsal bones, metatarsal bones and phalanges

    Question: What causes foot pain? Answer: Many things can cause . Wearing shoes that don’t fit right is one of the most common reasons people (especially...

  • Disease

    Hammer toe

    Hammer toe is a condition where a toe bends downward like a claw. You can be born with hammer toe or develop it from wearing short, narrow shoes. Symptoms of hammer toe include foot pain, calluses on the sole of the foot, or corns on the top of the toe. Treatment of mild cases and cases in children can include foot manipulation and splinting of the toe. More severe cases may need surgery to straighten the toe joint.

    Hammer toe is a deformity of the toe, in which the end of the toe is bent downward.

  • Symptoms

    Heel pain

    Heel pain is most often the result of overuse. Rarely, it may be caused by an injury. Your heel may become tender or swollen from: Shoes with poor support...

  • Disease

    Ingrown toenail

    An ingrown toenail is a condition in which the edge of the toenail grows into the skin of the toe. The big toe is most commonly affected. Symptoms include pain, redness, and swelling around the toenail.

    An ingrown toenail occurs when the edge of the nail grows down and into the skin of the toe.

  • Disease

    Metatarsus adductus

    Metatarsus adductus is a foot deformity characterized by a sharp, inward angle of the front half of the foot. It is thought to occur as a result of the infant's position inside the uterus where the feet are bent inward at the instep. Most cases resolve spontaneously and the majority of the remainder can be corrected with simple exercises.

    Metatarsus adductus is a foot deformity. The bones in the front half of the foot bend or turn in toward the body.

  • Disease

    Morton neuroma

    Morton neuroma is an injury to the nerve between the toes, which causes thickening and pain. It commonly affects the nerve that travels between the third and...

  • Disease

    Plantar fasciitis

    The plantar fascia is a very thick band of tissue that covers the bones on the bottom of the foot. It extends from the heel to the bones of the ball of the foot and acts like a rubber band to create tension which maintains the arch of the foot. If the band is long it allows the arch of the foot to be low, which is most commonly known as having a flat foot. A short band of tissue causes a high arch. This fascia can become inflamed and painful in some people, making walking more difficult.

    The plantar fascia is the thick tissue on the bottom of the foot. It connects the heel bone to the toes and creates the arch of the foot. When this tissue...