Articles

  • Test

    Bile culture

    A bile culture test is performed to see if there is infection in the biliary tract. A specimen of bile is placed in culture media and observed for growth of microorganisms.  If there is no growth in the culture, then there is no infection.  If there is growth in the culture media, the growth is then isolated and identified to determine the appropriate method of treatment.

    Bile culture is a laboratory test to detect disease-causing germs in the .

  • Test

    Biopsy - polyps

    A polyp is a test that takes a sample of, or removes polyps (abnormal growths) for examination.

  • Test

    Blood gases

    The blood gases test is performed by collecting a sample of blood through a needle from an artery.  The test is used to evaluate respiratory diseases and conditions that affect the lungs, and it is used to determine the effectiveness of oxygen therapy. The acid-base component of the test also gives information on how well the kidneys are functioning.

    Blood gases is a measurement of how much oxygen and carbon dioxide is in your blood. It also determines the acidity (pH) of your blood.

  • Symptoms

    Breathing difficulty

    Emphysema is a lung disease involving damage to the air sacs (alveoli).There is progressive destruction of alveoli and the surrounding tissue that supports the alveoli. With more advanced disease, large air cysts develop where normal lung tissue used to be. Air is trapped in the lungs due to lack of supportive tissue which decreases oxygenation.

    Breathing difficulty may involve: Difficult breathing Uncomfortable breathing Feeling like you are not getting enough air

  • Disease

    Bronchiectasis

    Air is breathed in through the nasal passageways, travels through the trachea and bronchi to the lungs.

    Bronchiectasis is destruction and widening of the large airways. If the condition is present at birth, it is called congenital bronchiectasis. If it develops later in life, it is called acquired bronchiectasis.

  • Disease

    Bronchitis - acute

    Bronchitis is the inflammation of the bronchi, the main air passages to the lungs, it generally follows a viral respiratory infection. Symptoms include; coughing, shortness of breath, wheezing and fatigue.

    Acute bronchitis is swelling and inflammation of the main air passages to the lungs. This swelling narrows the airways, making it harder to breathe and causing other symptoms, such as a cough. Acute means the symptoms have only been present for a short time.

  • Disease

    Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

    Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a lung condition that affects newborn babies who were either put on a breathing machine after birth or were born very early (prematurely).

  • Test

    Bronchoscopy

    Bronchoscopy is a surgical technique for viewing the interior of the airways. Using sophisticated flexible fiber optic instruments, surgeons are able to explore the trachea, main stem bronchi, and some of the small bronchi. In children, this procedure may be used to remove foreign objects that have been inhaled. In adults, the procedure is most often used to take samples of (biopsy) suspicious lesions and for culturing specific areas in the lung.

    Bronchoscopy is a test to view the airways and diagnose lung disease. It may also be used during the treatment of some lung conditions.

  • Disease

    Byssinosis

    The major features of the lungs include the bronchi, the bronchioles and the alveoli. The alveoli are the microscopic blood vessel-lined sacks in which oxygen and carbon dioxide gas are exchanged.

    Byssinosis is a disease of the lungs brought on by breathing in cotton dust or dusts from other vegetable fibers such as flax, hemp, or sisal while at work.