Articles

  • Disease

    Caplan syndrome

    Air is breathed in through the nasal passageways, travels through the trachea and bronchi to the lungs.

    Caplan syndrome is swelling (inflammation) and scarring of the lungs in people with who have been exposed to mining dust containing coal. The lung disease is called .

  • Disease

    Central sleep apnea

    is a sleep disorder in which breathing stops over and over during sleep.

  • Disease

    Chemical pneumonitis

    Air is breathed in through the nasal passageways, travels through the trachea and bronchi to the lungs.

    Chemical pneumonitis is inflammation of the lungs or due to inhaling chemical fumes or breathing in and choking on certain chemicals.

  • Test

    Chest MRI

    MRI scans

    A chest MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan is a imaging test that uses powerful magnets and radio waves to create pictures of the chest, or thoracic, area. It does not use radiation (x-rays). See also:

  • Test

    Chest tomogram

    The abdomen is the area of the body between the chest and pelvis. Some of the large internal organs comprised in this area are the liver, stomach, kidneys, and intestines.

    A chest tomogram is a picture of the chest area created by moving the x-ray machine in one direction while moving the recording film the other way. This method blurs structures in front of and behind the area of the chest being studied. This allows for a more detailed view of a specific level within ...

  • Test

    Chest x-ray

    This chest x-ray shows adenocarcinoma of the lung. There is a rounded light spot in the right upper lung (left side of the picture) at the level of the second rib. The light spot has irregular and poorly defined borders and is not uniform in density. Diseases that may cause this type of x-ray result would be tuberculous or fungal granuloma, and malignant or benign tumors.

    A chest x-ray is an of the chest, lungs, heart, large arteries, ribs, and diaphragm.

  • Disease

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Spirometry is a painless study of air volume and flow rate within the lungs. Spirometry is frequently used to evaluate lung function in people with obstructive or restrictive lung diseases such as asthma or cystic fibrosis.

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most common lung diseases. It makes it difficult to breathe. There are two main forms of COPD: Chronic bronchitis, which involves a long-term cough with mucus Emphysema, which involves destruction of the lungs over time Most people with COPD ...

  • Test

    Citric acid urine test

    The citric acid test measures citric acid in urine and is used to diagnose renal tubular acidosis and evaluate renal stone disease.

    Citric acid urine test measures the level of citric acid in urine.

  • Disease

    Coal worker's pneumoconiosis

    This chest x-ray shows coal worker's lungs. There are diffuse, small, light areas on both sides (1 to 3 mm) in all parts of the lungs. Diseases that may result in an x-ray like this include: simple coal workers pneumoconiosis (CWP) - stage I, simple silicosis, miliary tuberculosis, histiocytosis X (eosinophilic granuloma), and other diffuse infiltrate pulmonary diseases.

    Coal worker’s pneumoconiosis is a lung disease that results from breathing in dust from coal, graphite, or man-made carbon over a long period of time.

  • Disease

    Collapsed lung (Pneumothorax)

    Aortic rupture (a tear in the aorta, which is the major artery coming from the heart) can be seen on a chest x-ray. In this case, it was caused by a traumatic perforation of the thoracic aorta. This is how the x-ray appears when the chest is full of blood (right-sided hemothorax) seen here as cloudiness on the left side of the picture.

    A collapsed lung occurs when air escapes from the lung. The air then fills the space outside of the lung, between the lung and chest wall. This buildup of air puts pressure on the lung, so it cannot expand as much as it normally does when you take a breath. The medical name of this condition is ...

  • Disease

    Cor Pulmonale

    This film shows advanced sarcoid, scarring of the lungs (the light streaking), and cavity formation (the dark areas in the upper right side of the picture).

    Cor pulmonale is failure of the right side of the heart. It is brought on by long-term in the arteries of the lung and right ventricle of the heart.

  • Symptoms

    Cough

    The major features of the lungs include the bronchi, the bronchioles and the alveoli. The alveoli are the microscopic blood vessel-lined sacks in which oxygen and carbon dioxide gas are exchanged.

    Coughing is an important way to keep your throat and airways clear. However, too much coughing may mean you have a disease or disorder. Some coughs are dry. Others are considered productive. A productive cough is one that brings up mucus. Mucus is also called phlegm or sputum. Coughs can be either ...

  • Disease

    Cystic fibrosis

    Clubbed fingers is a symptom of disease, often of the heart or lungs which cause chronically low blood levels of oxygen. Diseases which cause malabsorption, such as cystic fibrosis or celiac disease can also cause clubbing.

    Cystic fibrosis is a disease passed down through families that causes thick, sticky mucus to build up in the lungs, digestive tract, and other areas of the body. It is one of the most common chronic lung diseases in children and young adults. It is a life-threatening disorder.

  • Nutrition

    Cystic fibrosis - nutritional considerations

    Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a potentially life-threatening disease that causes thick, sticky mucus to build up in the lungs and digestive tract. Persons with cystic fibrosis need to eat high calorie and high protein foods throughout the day. This article discusses the nutritional needs for persons with ...

  • Test

    Cytology exam of pleural fluid

    A of pleural fluid is a laboratory test to detect cancer cells and certain other cells in the area that surrounds the lungs. This is called the pleural space.