Articles

  • Disease

    Idiopathic hypersomnia

    Sleep patterns change with age, anxiety levels and many other factors. Normally, younger people have more concentrated periods of deep sleep compared to older people.

    Idiopathic hypersomnia is sleeping too much () without an obvious cause. It is different from narcolepsy, because idiopathic hypersomnia does not involve suddenly falling asleep or losing muscle control due to strong emotions (cataplexy).

  • Disease

    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

    Spirometry is a painless study of air volume and flow rate within the lungs. Spirometry is frequently used to evaluate lung function in people with obstructive or restrictive lung diseases such as asthma or cystic fibrosis.

    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is scarring or thickening of the lungs without a known cause.

  • Disease

    Industrial bronchitis

    Bronchitis is the inflammation of the bronchi, the main air passages to the lungs, it generally follows a viral respiratory infection. Symptoms include; coughing, shortness of breath, wheezing and fatigue.

    Industrial bronchitis is swelling (inflammation) of the large airways of the lungs that occurs in some people who work around certain dusts, fumes, smoke, or other substances. See also:

  • Special Topic

    Insomnia: Tips for better sleep

    Most sleep issues concerning insommnia can be corrected by making a few simple changes. An individual should talk with a health care provider if he or she is having difficulty falling asleep, awakening several times throughout the night, having early morning awakenings or having marked difficulty getting out of bed in the morning.

  • Disease

    Interstitial lung disease

    Clubbing may result from chronic low blood-oxygen levels. This can be seen with cystic fibrosis, congenital cyanotic heart disease, and several other diseases. The tips of the fingers enlarge and the nails become extremely curved from front to back.

    Interstitial lung disease is a group of lung disorders in which the deep lung tissues become inflamed and then damaged.

  • Disease

    Irregular sleep-wake syndrome

    Symptoms of sleep-wake syndrome include irregular periods of sleep and wakefulness which disrupt the normal daily sleep-wake cycle. It may be caused by brain dysfunction or not following a normal sleep schedule, ultimately leading to a pattern of insomnia and frequent daytime napping.

    Irregular sleep-wake syndrome is sleeping without any real schedule.

  • Disease

    Isolated sleep paralysis

    Sleep patterns change with age, anxiety levels and many other factors. Normally, younger people have more concentrated periods of deep sleep compared to older people.

    Isolated sleep paralysis is a type of that occurs with a sleep disorder. Sleep paralysis is the inability to perform voluntary muscle movements during sleep.