Articles

  • Test

    FSH

    FSH stands for follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). This hormone is released by the anterior pituitary gland. In women, FSH stimulates production of eggs and a hormone called estradiol during the first half of the menstrual cycle. In men, FSH stimulates production of sperm. This article discusses the ...

  • Test

    Hysterosalpingography

    The uterus is a hollow muscular organ located in the female pelvis between the bladder and rectum. The ovaries produce the eggs that travel through the fallopian tubes. Once the egg has left the ovary it can be fertilized and implant itself in the lining of the uterus. The main function of the uterus is to nourish the developing fetus prior to birth.

    Hysterosalpingography is a special x-ray using dye to look at the womb (uterus) and fallopian tubes.

  • Surgery

    In vitro fertilization (IVF)

    In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the joining of a woman’s egg and a man’s sperm in a laboratory dish. In vitro means “outside the body.” Fertilization means the sperm has attached to and entered the egg. See also:

  • Disease

    Infertility

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    Infertility means you cannot make a baby (conceive). Infertility is grouped into two categories: Primary infertility refers to couples who have not become pregnant after at least 1 year of unprotected sex (intercourse). Secondary infertility refers to couples who have been pregnant at least once, ...

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    LH blood test

    The LH blood test measures the amount of luteinizing hormone (LH). LH is a hormone released by the . In women, an increase in LH levels at mid-cycle causes ovulation. In men, LH stimulates production of .

  • Test

    LH response to GnRH

    LH response to GnRH is a blood test to help determine if your pituitary gland can correctly respond to gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH). GnRH is a hormone produced in the .

  • Surgery

    Pelvic laparoscopy

    Pelvic adhesions are bands of scarlike tissue that form between two surfaces inside the body. Inflammation from infection, surgery, or trauma can cause tissues to bond to other tissues or organs.

    Pelvic laparoscopy is surgery to examine pelvic organs using a viewing tool called a laparoscope. The surgery is also used to treat certain diseases of the pelvic organs.

  • Disease

    Polycystic ovary syndrome

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition in which a woman has an imbalance of a female sex hormones. This may lead to menstrual cycle changes, , trouble getting pregnant, and other health changes.

  • Special Topic

    Pregnancy - identifying fertile days

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    Fertile days are the days a woman is most likely to get pregnant. See also:

  • Test

    Semen analysis

    The male reproductive system creates sperm that is manufactured in the seminiferous tubules within each testicle.  The head of the sperm contains the DNA, which when combined with the egg's DNA, will create a new individual. The tip of the sperm head is the portion called the acrosome, which enables the sperm to penetrate the egg. The midpiece contains the mitochondria which supplies the energy the tail needs to move. The tail moves with whip-like movements back and forth to propel the sperm towards the egg. The sperm have to reach the uterus and the fallopian tube in order to fertilize a woman's egg.

    Semen analysis is a test to measure the amount and quality of a man’s semen and sperm. Semen is the thick, white fluid released during ejaculation. It contains sperm. This test is sometimes called a sperm count.

  • Test

    Serum progesterone

    Serum progesterone is a test to measure the amount of progesterone in the blood. Progesterone is a hormone produced mainly in the ovaries. In women, progesterone plays a vital role in pregnancy. After an egg is released by the ovaries (ovulation), progesterone helps make the uterus ready for ...