Articles

  • Disease

    Caput succedaneum

    Swelling and bruising usually occur on the top of the scalp where the head first enters the cervix during birth. This area is called a caput succedaneum and feels like a soft, spongy mass. This infant has a large caput on the right side of the scalp.

    Caput succedaneum is of the scalp in a newborn. It is most often brought on by pressure from the uterus or vaginal wall during a head-first (vertex) delivery.

  • Special Topic

    Central venous line - infants

    Central venous catheter

    CVL – infants; Central catheter – infants – surgically placed

  • Special Topic

    Changes in the newborn at birth

    Changes in the newborn at birth refer to the changes an infant’s body undergoes to adapt to life outside the womb.

  • Poison

    Chlorophyll

    Chlorophyll is the chemical that makes plants green. Chlorophyll poisoning occurs when someone swallows a large amount of this substance. This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual poison exposure. If you have an exposure, you should call your local ...

  • Surgery

    Circumcision

    The foreskin is also known as the prepuce.  It is the loose fold of skin on the head of the penis.  The foreskin is the portion of tissue that is removed during circumcision.

    Circumcision is the surgical removal of the foreskin of the .

  • Disease

    Congenital syphilis

    Congenital syphilis is a severe, disabling, and often life-threatening infection seen in infants. A pregnant mother who has syphilis can spread the disease through the placenta to the unborn infant.

  • Nutrition

    Cow's milk - infants

    If your child is under 1 year old, you should not feed your baby cow’s milk, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). Cow’s milk doesn’t provide enough: Essential fatty acids Your baby’s system can’t handle the high levels of these nutrients in ...

  • Special Topic

    Cow's milk and children

    Cow's milk is not recommended for infants under less than one year old because the milk contains too much salt and protein.  For infants who are not breastfed, infant formula is given in its place. The carbohydrate, fat, protein, vitamin, and mineral content is formulated to be as close to human breast milk as possible.

    You may have heard that it is not safe for children over 1 year old to drink cow’s milk. However, there’s no scientific evidence that this is true. While most experts recommend not giving , it is safe to give milk to children after they are 1 year old. If your children are between 1 and ...

  • Symptoms

    Crying - excessive (0-6 months)

    Infants instinctively cry to communicate hunger, thirst, discomfort, tiredness, or loneliness.  However, excessive crying may suggest a disorder that requires treatment.

    Infants normally cry about 1 – 3 hours a day. It is perfectly normal for an infant to cry when hungry, thirst, tired, lonely, or in pain. It is also normal for a baby to have a fussy period in the evening. However, if an infant cries too often it may be a sign of something that needs ...

  • Special Topic

    Crying in infancy

    Infants have a cry reflex that is a normal response to stimuli, such as pain or hunger. Premature infants may not have a cry reflex. Therefore they must be monitored closely for signs of hunger and pain.

  • Disease

    Cyanotic heart disease

    The interior of the heart is composed of valves, chambers, and associated vessels.

    Cyanotic heart disease refers to a group of many different heart defects that are present at birth (congenital) that result in a low blood oxygen level.