Articles

  • Disease

    Necrotizing enterocolitis

    The intestines are responsible for the majority of fluid absorption.

    Necrotizing enterocolitis is the death of tissue in the intestine. It occurs most often in premature or sick babies.

  • Disease

    Neonatal abstinence syndrome

    Neonatal abstinence syndrome

    Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a group of problems that occur in a newborn who was exposed to addictive opiate drugs while in the mother’s womb.

  • Disease

    Neonatal conjunctivitis

    Neonatal conjunctivitis is swelling (inflammation) or infection of the tissue lining the eyelids in a newborn.

  • Disease

    Neonatal hypothyroidism

    Neonatal hypothyroidism is decreased thyroid hormone production in a newborn. In very rare cases, no thyroid hormone is produced. If the baby was born with...

  • Disease

    Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome

    Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a problem often seen in premature babies. The condition makes it hard for the baby to breathe.

  • Disease

    Neonatal sepsis

    Neonatal sepsis is a blood infection that occurs in an infant younger than 90 days old. Early-onset sepsis is seen in the first week of life. Occurs after 1...

  • Special Topic

    Neonatal weight gain and nutrition

    Premature babies need to receive good nutrition so they reach a weight close what they would have gained if they were still inside the womb.

  • Special Topic

    Neonate

    A newly born infant is also called a neonate.

    A neonate is a baby who is 4 weeks old or younger.

  • Disease

    Neutropenia - infants

    Neutropenia is an abnormally low number of white blood cells. These cells, which are called neutrophils, help the body fight infection. This article...

  • Special Topic

    Newborn head molding

    The "sutures" or anatomical lines where the bony plates of the skull join together can be easily felt in the newborn infant. The diamond shaped space on the top of the skull and the smaller space further to the back are often referred to as the "soft spot" in young infants.

    Newborn head molding is an abnormal head shape that results from pressure on the baby’s head during childbirth.

  • Disease

    Newborn jaundice

    Antibodies from an Rh negative mother may enter the blood stream of her unborn Rh positive infant, damaging the red blood cells (RBCs). The infant responds by increasing RBC production and sending out immature RBCs that still have nuclei. This photograph shows normal RBCs, damaged RBCs, and immature RBCs that still contain nuclei.

    Newborn jaundice is when a baby has a high level of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is a yellow substance that the body creates when it replaces old red...

  • Test

    Newborn screening tests

    Newborn screening tests look for developmental, genetic, and metabolic disorders in the newborn baby. This allows steps to be taken before symptoms develop....

  • Special Topic

    NICU consultants and support staff

    AUDIOLOGIST An audiologist is trained to test a baby’s hearing and provide follow-up care to those with hearing problems. Most newborns have their hearing...

  • Special Topic

    NICU staff

    This article discusses the primary team of caregivers who are involved in the care of your infant in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The staff often...