Articles

  • Disease

    Necrotizing enterocolitis

    The intestines are responsible for the majority of fluid absorption.

    Necrotizing enterocolitis is the death of intestinal tissue. It most often affects premature or sick babies.

  • Disease

    Neonatal abstinence syndrome

    Neonatal abstinence syndrome

    Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a group of problems that occur in a newborn who was exposed to addictive illegal or prescription drugs while in the mother’s womb. Babies of mothers who drink during pregnancy may have a similar condition.

  • Disease

    Neonatal conjunctivitis

    Neonatal conjunctivitis is swelling (inflammation) or infection of the tissue lining the eyelids in a newborn.

  • Disease

    Neonatal hypothyroidism

    Neonatal hypothyroidism is decreased thyroid hormone production in a newborn. In very rare cases, no thyroid hormone is produced. If the baby was born with the condition, it is called congenital hypothyroidism. If it develops soon after birth, it is called hypothyroidism acquired in the newborn ...

  • Disease

    Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome

    Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a problem often seen in premature babies. The condition makes it hard for the baby to breathe.

  • Disease

    Neonatal sepsis

    Neonatal sepsis is a blood infection that occurs in an infant younger than 90 days old. Early-onset sepsis is seen in the first week of life. Late-onset sepsis occurs between days 8 and 89.

  • Special Topic

    Neonatal weight gain and nutrition

    Premature babies need to receive good nutrition so they reach a weight close what they would have gained if they were still inside the womb.

  • Special Topic

    Neonate

    A newly born infant is also called a neonate.

    A neonate is a baby who is 4 weeks old or younger.

  • Disease

    Neutropenia - infants

    Neutropenia is an abnormally low number of white blood cells. These cells, which are called neutrophils, help the body fight infection. This article discusses neutropenia in newborns.

  • Special Topic

    Newborn head molding

    The "sutures" or anatomical lines where the bony plates of the skull join together can be easily felt in the newborn infant. The diamond shaped space on the top of the skull and the smaller space further to the back are often referred to as the "soft spot" in young infants.

    Newborn head molding is an abnormal head shape that results from pressure on the baby’s head during childbirth.

  • Disease

    Newborn jaundice

    Newborn jaundice (producing yellow skin) can have many causes, but the majority of these infants have a condition called physiological jaundice, a natural occurrence in the newborn due to the immature liver.  This type of jaundice is short term, generally lasting only a few days.  Jaundice  should be evaluated by a physician until decreasing or normal levels of bilirubin are measured in the blood.

    Newborn jaundice is when a baby has high levels of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is a yellow substance that the body creates when it replaces old red blood cells. The liver helps break down the substance so it can be removed from the body in the stool. High levels of bilirubin makes your ...

  • Test

    Newborn screening tests

    Newborn screening tests look for developmental, genetic, and metabolic disorders in the newborn baby. This allows steps to be taken before symptoms develop. Most of these illnesses are very rare, but can be treated if caught early. The types of newborn screening tests that are done vary from state ...

  • Special Topic

    NICU consultants and support staff

    AUDIOLOGIST An audiologist is trained to test a baby’s hearing and provide follow-up care to those with hearing problems. Most newborns have their hearing tested before leaving the hospital. Your health care providers will determine which hearing test is best. Hearing tests may also be done ...

  • Special Topic

    NICU staff

    This article discusses the primary team of caregivers who are involved in the care of your infant in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The staff often includes the following: ALLIED HEALTH PROFESSIONAL This health care provider is a nurse practitioner or physician assistant. He or she works ...