Articles

  • Special Topic

    Percutaneously inserted central catheter - infants

    A percutaneously inserted central catheter (PICC) is a long, very thin, soft plastic tube that is placed in a small blood vessel. This article discusses PICCs in babies. WHY IS A PICC USED? The primary reason for a PICC is to deliver fluids and medicine over a long period of time without having to ...

  • Special Topic

    Peripheral arterial line - infants

    A peripheral arterial line (PAL) is a small, short plastic catheter that is placed through the skin into an artery of the arm or leg. This article discusses the use of PALs in babies. WHY IS A PAL USED? The main reason to use a PAL is to continuously watch your baby’s blood pressure. It also allows ...

  • Special Topic

    Peripheral intravenous line - infants

    A peripheral intravenous line (PIV) is a small, short plastic tube, called a catheter. It is placed through the skin into a vein, usually in the hand, arm, or foot, but sometimes in a baby’s scalp. WHY IS A PIV USED? A PIV is used to give fluids or medicines to a baby. HOW IS A PIV ...

  • Disease

    Periventricular leukomalacia

    Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is a type of brain injury that affects infants. The condition involves the death of small areas of brain tissue around fluid-filled areas called ventricles. The damage creates “holes” in the brain. “Leuko” refers to the brain’s white ...

  • Disease

    Placenta abruptio

    The uterus is exposed through the abdominal wall, and an incision is made in the uterine covering. The muscles of the uterus are separated, producinga hole for the delivery of the infant. The infant is delivered through the opening in the uterine wall, after which, the uterus is stitched closed.

    Placenta abruptio is the separation of the placenta (the organ that nourishes the fetus) from its attachment to the uterus wall before the baby is delivered.

  • Disease

    Placenta previa

    The uterus is exposed through the abdominal wall, and an incision is made in the uterine covering. The muscles of the uterus are separated, producinga hole for the delivery of the infant. The infant is delivered through the opening in the uterine wall, after which, the uterus is stitched closed.

    Placenta previa is a problem of pregnancy in which the placenta grows in the lowest part of the womb (uterus) and covers all or part of the opening to the . The placenta grows during pregnancy and feeds the developing baby. The cervix is the opening to the birth canal.

  • Disease

    Placental insufficiency

    The placenta provides the fetus with oxygen and nutrients and takes away waste such as carbon dioxide via the umbilical cord.

    The placenta is the link between you and your baby. When the placenta does not work as well as it should, your baby can get less oxygen and nutrients from you. As a result, your baby may: Not grow as well Show signs of fetal stress (this means the baby’s heart does not work normally) Have a ...

  • Disease

    Pneumothorax - infants

    Pneumothorax

    Pneumothorax is the collection of air or gas in the space inside the chest around the lungs, which leads to a lung collapse. This article discusses pneumothorax in infants. For information about pneumothorax in older children and adults, see:

  • Disease

    Preeclampsia

    Preeclampsia is the development of swelling, elevated blood pressure, sudden and rapid weight gain and protein in the urine during pregnancy. The exact cause is unknown, but it occurs in approximately 5% of the population.

    Preeclampsia is when a pregnant woman develops and after the 20th week (late 2nd or 3rd trimester) of pregnancy.

  • Special Topic

    Pregnancy and the flu

    During pregnancy, it is harder for a woman’s immune system to fight infections. This makes a pregnant woman more likely to get the flu and other diseases. Pregnant women are more likely than other nonpregnant women their age to become very ill if they get the flu. If you are pregnant, you ...

  • Disease

    Premature infant

    A premature infant is a baby born before 37 completed weeks of (more than 3 weeks before the “due date”).