Articles

  • Disease

    Bartholin’s cyst or abscess

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    Bartholin’s abscess is the buildup of pus that forms a lump () in one of the Bartholin’s glands, which are located on each side of the vaginal opening.

  • Special Topic

    Birth control and family planning

    The female condom, like the male condom, is a barrier contraceptive made of latex or polyurethane. The condom has a ring on each end. The ring that is placed inside the vagina fits over the cervix, while the other ring, which is open, rests outside of the vagina and covers the vulva. The female condom is sold over-the-counter.

    Your choice of a birth control method depends on a number of factors, including your health, how often you have sex, and whether or not you want children.

  • Special Topic

    Birth control pills - overview

    Birth control pills (BCPs) contain man-made forms of two hormones called estrogen and progestin. These hormones are made naturally in a woman’s ovaries. Birth control pills can contain both of these hormones, or have progestin only. Both hormones prevent a woman’s ovary from releasing an ...

  • Symptoms

    Breast - premenstrual tenderness and swelling

    The female breast is either of two mammary glands (organs of milk secretion) on the chest.

    Premenstrual swelling and tenderness of both breasts occurs during the second half of the menstrual cycle.

  • Disease

    Breast infection

    The female breast is either of two mammary glands (organs of milk secretion) on the chest.

    A breast infection is an infection in the tissue of the breast.

  • Symptoms

    Breast lump

    The female breast is either of two mammary glands (organs of milk secretion) on the chest.

    A breast lump is swelling, a growth, or a lump in the breast. Breast lumps in both men and women raise concern for , even though most lumps are not cancer.

  • Surgery

    Breast lump removal

    The female breast is either of two mammary glands (organs of milk secretion) on the chest.

    Breast lump removal is surgery to remove a breast cancer along with some surrounding tissue from the breast. It is called a lumpectomy. When a fibroadenoma or other noncancerous tumor of the breast is removed, it is often called an excisional breast biopsy instead of a lumpectomy. This article ...

  • Symptoms

    Breast pain

    The female breast is either of two mammary glands (organs of milk secretion) on the chest.

    Breast pain is any discomfort or pain in the breast.

  • Special Topic

    Breast self exam

    The female breast is either of two mammary glands (organs of milk secretion) on the chest.

    A breast self-exam is a check-up a woman does at home to look for changes or problems in the breast tissue. Many women feel that doing this is important to their health. However, experts do not agree about the benefits of breast self-exams in finding breast cancer or saving lives. Talk to your ...

  • Test

    Breast ultrasound

    The female breast is either of two mammary glands (organs of milk secretion) on the chest.

    Breast ultrasound is a test that uses sound waves to examine the breasts.