Articles

  • Disease

    Cervical dysplasia

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    Cervical dysplasia refers to abnormal changes in the cells on the surface of the cervix. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb) that opens at the ...

  • Disease

    Cervical polyps

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    Cervical polyps are fingerlike growths on the lower part of the uterus that connects with the vagina (cervix). The exact cause of cervical polyps is not know...

  • Disease

    Cervicitis

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    Cervicitis is swelling (inflammation) of the end of the uterus (cervix). Cervicitis is most often caused by an infection that is caught during sexual activit...

  • Surgery

    Cervix cryosurgery

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    Cervix cryosurgery is a surgical treatment to freeze and destroy abnormal tissue in the cervix. Cryotherapy is done in the doctor’s office while you are awak...

  • Disease

    Chancroid

    The male and female reproductive systems, viewed from a mid-sagittal section.

    Chancroid is a bacterial infection that is spread through sexual contact. Chancroid is caused by a type of bacteria called Haemophilus ducreyi. The infection...

  • Disease

    Chlamydia

    Antigens are large molecules (usually proteins) on the surface of cells, viruses, fungi, bacteria, and some non-living substances such as toxins, chemicals, drugs, and foreign particles. The immune system recognizes antigens and produces antibodies that destroy substances containing antigens.

    Chlamydia is an infection caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. It is most commonly sexually transmitted. Chlamydia infection is the most common sexu...

  • Disease

    Chlamydia infections in women

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). This means chlamydia is passed from one person to another during sexual contact. Chlamydia is caused b...

  • Test

    Cold knife cone biopsy

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    A cold knife cone biopsy (conization) is surgery to remove a sample of abnormal tissue from the cervix. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb) tha...

  • Test

    Colposcopy - directed biopsy

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    A colposcopy is a special way of looking at the cervix. It uses a light and a low-powered microscope to make the cervix appear much larger. This helps your h...

  • Special Topic

    Condoms - male

    The organs of the normal male reproductive system.

    A condom is a thin cover worn on the penis during intercourse. Using a condom will help prevent: Female partners from becoming pregnant Getting an infection...

  • Test

    Culdocentesis

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    Culdocentesis is a procedure that checks for abnormal fluid in the space just behind the vagina. This area is called the cul-de-sac. First, you will have a p...