Articles

  • Surgery

    D and C

    D and C (dilatation and curettage) is a procedure in which the vaginal canal is held open with a speculum and the cervix is dilated with a metal rod. A curette is then passed through the cervical canal into the uterine cavity where endometrial tissue is scraped away and collected for examination.

    D and C is a procedure to scrape and collect the tissue (endometrium) from inside the uterus. Dilation (“D”) is a widening of the cervix to allow instruments into the uterus. Curettage (“C”) is the scraping of the walls of the uterus.

  • Disease

    Developmental disorders of the female reproductive tract

    Developmental disorders of the female reproductive tract are problems in a baby girl’s reproductive organs that occur while she is growing in her mother’s body. Female reproductive organs include the , ovaries, uterus, and .

  • Disease

    Donovanosis (granuloma inguinale)

    The skin is the largest organ of the body.  The skin and its derivatives (hair, nails, sweat and oil glands) make up the integumentary system. One of the main functions of the skin is protection.  It protects the body from external factors such as bacteria, chemicals, and temperature.  The skin contains secretions that can kill bacteria and the pigment melanin provides a chemical pigment defense against ultraviolet light that can damage skin cells.  Another important function of the skin is body temperature regulation. When the skin is exposed to a cold temperature, the blood vessels in the dermis constrict. This allows the blood which is warm, to bypass the skin.  The skin then becomes the temperature of the cold it is exposed to.  Body heat is conserved since the blood vessels are not diverting heat to the skin anymore.  Among its many functions the skin is an incredible organ always protecting the body from external agents.

    Donovanosis (granuloma inguinale) is a sexually transmitted disease that is rarely seen in the United States.