Articles

  • Symptoms

    Vaginal bleeding between periods

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    This article discusses vaginal bleeding that occurs between a woman’s monthly menstrual periods. Such bleeding may be called “intermenstrual bleeding.” See also: Heavy, prolonged, or irregular menstrual periods

  • Disease

    Vaginal cysts

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    A cyst is a closed pocket or pouch of tissue. It can be filled with air, fluid, pus, or other material. A vaginal is a closed sac on or under the vaginal lining.

  • Symptoms

    Vaginal discharge

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    Vaginal discharge refers to secretions from the . Such discharge can vary in: Consistency (thick, pasty, thin) Color (clear, cloudy, bloody, white, yellow, green) Smell (normal, odorless, bad odor)

  • Disease

    Vaginal dryness

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    Atrophic vaginitis is vaginal dryness due to thinning tissue and decreased lubrication. This article discusses vaginal dryness due to low estrogen levels. For other types and causes of vaginitis, see:

  • Special Topic

    Vaginal dryness alternative treatments

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

  • Special Topic

    Vaginal sponge and spermicides

    Spermicides and vaginal sponges are two birth control methods used during sex to prevent pregnancy. Over-the-counter means that they can be purchased by anyone without a prescription.

  • Disease

    Vaginal yeast infection

    This microscopic film shows a fluorescent stain of Candida. Candida is a yeast (fungus) that causes mild disease, but in immunocompromised individuals it may cause life-threatening illness. (Image courtesy of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.)

    Vaginal yeast infection is an infection of the vagina, most commonly due to the fungus Candida albicans.

  • Disease

    Vaginismus

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    Vaginismus is an involuntary spasm of the muscles surrounding the . The spasms close the vagina.

  • Special Topic

    Virilization

    The hypothalamus is an area of the brain that produces the "controlling" hormones. These hormones regulate body processes such as metabolism, and control the release of hormones from glands like the thyroid, the adrenals and the gonads (testes or ovaries).

    Virilization is a condition in which a female develops male sex characteristics, or a newborn boy has increased male characteristics at birth.

  • Disease

    Vulvovaginitis

    The female external reproductive anatomy includes the vagina.

    Vulvovaginitis is inflammation or infection of the vulva and vagina.