Articles

  • Disease

    Vaginal bleeding - hormonal

    The uterus is a muscular organ with thick walls, two upper openings to the fallopian tubes and an inferior opening to the vagina.

    Hormonal vaginal bleeding is abnormal bleeding from the vagina that is due to changes in hormone levels. Every woman’s menstrual cycle, or period, is differe...

  • Symptoms

    Vaginal bleeding between periods

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    This article discusses vaginal bleeding that occurs between a woman’s monthly menstrual periods. Such bleeding may be called “intermenstrual bleeding.” See a...

  • Disease

    Vaginal cysts

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    A cyst is a closed pocket or pouch of tissue. It can be filled with air, fluid, pus, or other material. A vaginal cyst occurs on or under the vaginal lining....

  • Disease

    Vaginal dryness

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    Vaginal dryness is present when the tissues of the vagina are no longer well-lubricated and healthy. When these symptoms are caused by a decreased amount of ...

  • Special Topic

    Vaginal dryness alternative treatments

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    Question: Is there a drug-free treatment for vaginal dryness? Answer: There are many causes of vaginal dryness. It may be caused by reduced estrogen level...

  • Symptoms

    Vaginal itching and discharge - Adult and adolescent

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    Vaginal discharge refers to secretions from the vagina. The discharge may be: Thick, pasty, or thin Clear, cloudy, bloody, white, yellow, or green Odorless ...

  • Special Topic

    Vaginal sponge and spermicides

    Spermicides and vaginal sponges are two over-the-counter birth control methods used during sex to prevent pregnancy. Over-the-counter means that they can be ...

  • Disease

    Vaginal yeast infection

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    Vaginal yeast infection is an infection of the vagina. It is most commonly due to the fungus Candida albicans. Most women have a vaginal yeast infection at s...

  • Disease

    Vaginismus

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    Vaginismus is an involuntary spasm of the muscles surrounding the vagina. The spasms close the vagina. Vaginismus is a sexual problem. It has several possibl...

  • Special Topic

    Virilization

    The hypothalamus is an area of the brain that produces the "controlling" hormones. These hormones regulate body processes such as metabolism, and control the release of hormones from glands like the thyroid, the adrenals and the gonads (testes or ovaries).

    Virilization is a condition in which a female develops male sex characteristics, or a newborn boy has increased male characteristics at birth. Virilization m...

  • Disease

    Vulvovaginitis

    The female external reproductive anatomy includes the vagina.

    Vulvovaginitis is inflammation or infection of the vulva and vagina. Vulvovaginitis can affect women of all ages and is extremely common. It can be caused by...