• Special Topic

    Day care health risks

    Children in day care centers are more likely to catch an infection than kids who do not attend day care. Children who go to day care are often around other kids who may be sick. However, being around the large number of germs in day care may actually improve your child’s immune system in the ...

  • Symptoms

    Delayed growth

    The range of toddler development is from 1 to 3 years of age.  Toddler safety is very important during this time since  more accidents occur during toddler years than at any other stage of childhood. Consistent discipline is also important at this age, where temper tantrums may be daily occurrences. It is important for the child to learn from experience and be able to rely upon solid, consistent boundaries defining acceptable and unacceptable behaviors.

    Delayed growth is poor or abnormally slow height or weight gains in a child younger than age 5. This may just be normal, and the child may outgrow it.

  • Special Topic

    Delivery presentations

    Childbirth is really a series of four stages that culminate in the actual birth and short period thereafter. For more specific information regarding emergency delivery see the information on childbirth, emergency delivery.

    Delivery presentation describes the way the baby (fetus) is positioned to come down the birth canal for delivery.

  • Disease

    Developmental dysplasia of the hip

    Although most dislocations are caused by a blow, fall, or other trauma, a dislocation can also occur from birth. The cause is unknown but genetic factors may play a role. Problems resulting from very mild developmental dysplasia of the hip may not become apparent until the person is in his 30s or 40s.

    Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a dislocation of the hip joint that is present at birth. The condition is found in babies or young children.

  • Disease

    Diaper rash

    This microscopic film shows a fluorescent stain of Candida. Candida is a yeast (fungus) that causes mild disease, but in immunocompromised individuals it may cause life-threatening illness. (Image courtesy of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.)

    A diaper rash is a skin problem that develops in the area beneath an infant’s diaper.

  • Disease

    Diaphragmatic hernia

    An abnormal opening in the diaphragm that allows part of the abdominal organs to migrate into the chest cavity, occurring before birth.

    A diaphragmatic hernia is a birth defect in which there is an abnormal opening in the diaphragm. The diaphragm is the muscle between the chest and abdomen that helps you breathe. The opening allows part of the organs from the belly (stomach, spleen, liver, and intestines) to go up into the chest ...

  • Surgery

    Diaphragmatic hernia repair - congenital

    repair is surgery to correct an opening or space in a baby’s diaphragm. This opening is called a hernia. It is a rare type of birth defect. (“Congenital” refers to its being present at birth.) The diaphragm is a muscle. It is important for breathing. It separates the chest cavity ...

  • Nutrition

    Diarrhea in children - diet

    Diarrhea in children and babies is the passage of loose stools.

  • Special Topic

    Diarrhea in infants

    Bananas can help relieve an upset stomach by stimulating the production of mucus from the stomach lining.  The mucus creates a barrier between the stomach lining and the acidic gastric substances that cause heartburn and stomach upset.

    Children who have diarrhea may have less energy, dry eyes, or a dry, sticky mouth. They may also not wet their diaper as often as usual. Give your child fluids for the first 4 to 6 hours. At first, try 1 ounce (2 tablespoons) of fluid every 30 to 60 minutes. You can use: An over-the-counter drink, ...

  • Disease

    Double inlet left ventricle

    Double inlet left ventricle

    Double inlet left ventricle (DILV) is a heart defect that is present from birth (congenital). It affects the valves and chambers of the heart. Babies born with this condition have only one working pumping chamber (ventricle) in their heart.

  • Disease

    Double outlet right ventricle

    Double outlet right ventricle

    Double outlet right ventricle (DORV) is a heart disease that is . The aorta connects to the right ventricle (the chamber of the heart that pumps blood to the lungs), instead of to the left ventricle (the chamber that normally pumps blood to the body). Both the pulmonary artery (which carries ...

  • Disease

    Duodenal atresia

    The stomach connects the esophagus to the small intestines and is where the majority of food digestion takes place.

    Duodenal atresia is a condition in which the first part of the small bowel (the ) has not developed properly. It is not open and cannot allow the passage of stomach contents.