Articles

  • Symptoms

    Earlobe creases

    The earlobe in children and young adults is normally smooth. Creases are seldom seen, but when present, they are sometimes associated with rare inherited syndromes.

    Earlobe creases are superficial lines in the otherwise smooth earlobe of a child or young adult.

  • Disease

    Ebstein's anomaly

    Ebstein's anomaly

    Ebstein’s anomaly is a rare heart defect in which parts of the tricuspid valve are abnormal. The tricuspid valve separates the right lower heart chamber (right ventricle) from the right upper heart chamber (right atrium). The condition is congenital, which means it is present from birth.

  • Disease

    Eclampsia

    Preeclampsia is the development of swelling, elevated blood pressure, sudden and rapid weight gain and protein in the urine during pregnancy. The exact cause is unknown, but it occurs in approximately 5% of the population.

    Eclampsia is (convulsions) in a pregnant woman. These seizures are not related to an existing brain condition.

  • Disease

    Ectopic pregnancy

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that occurs outside the womb (uterus). It is life-threatening to the mother.

  • Disease

    Eisenmenger syndrome

    Eisenmenger syndrome

    Eisenmenger syndrome is a condition that affects blood flow from the heart to the lungs in some babies who have structural problems of the heart.

  • Disease

    Endocardial cushion defect

    Ventricular septal defect is a congenital defect of the heart, that occurs as an abnormal opening in the wall that separates the right and left ventricles. Ventricular septal defect may also be associated with other heart defects. Many small defects will close on their own. For those defects that do not spontaneously close, the outcome is good with surgical repair.

    Endocardial cushion defect (ECD) is an abnormal heart condition. The walls separating all four chambers of the heart are poorly formed or absent. It is a , which means it is present from birth.

  • Symptoms

    Epicanthal folds

    The physical landmarks of the human face are very similar from one face to another.

    An epicanthal fold is skin of the upper eyelid that covers the inner corner of the eye. The fold runs from nose to the inner side of the eyebrow.

  • Disease

    Erythema nodosum

    This person has erythema nodosum nodules on the feet. The feet are red and painful. This disorder is associated with drugs or infections.

    Erythema nodosum is an inflammatory disorder that involves tender, red bumps () under the skin.

  • Special Topic

    Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

    ECMO

    Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a treatment that uses a pump to circulate blood through an artificial lung back into the bloodstream of a very ill baby. This system provides heart-lung bypass support outside of the baby’s body. It may help support a very ill child who is awaiting ...