Articles

  • Disease

    Failure to thrive

    Failure to thrive refers to children whose current weight or rate of weight gain is significantly lower than that of other children of similar age and gender.

  • Special Topic

    Feeding tube - infants

    Feeding tube

    A feeding tube is a small, soft, plastic tube placed through the nose (NG) or mouth (OG) into the stomach. These tubes are used to provide feedings and medications into the stomach until the baby can take food by mouth. WHY IS A FEEDING TUBE USED? Feeding from the breast or bottle requires strength ...

  • Disease

    Fetal alcohol syndrome

    A simian crease is a single palmar crease as compared to two creases in a normal palm. Simian crease occurs in about 1 out of 30 normal people, but is also frequently associated with other conditions such as Down syndrome, Aarskog syndrome or fetal alcohol syndrome.

    Fetal alcohol syndrome is growth, mental, and physical problems that may occur in a baby when a mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy.

  • Special Topic

    Fetal development

    A fetus at 10 weeks of development has fully formed eyelids and well-formed digits and ears.

    This article discusses how a human baby is conceived and how the baby develops inside the mother’s womb. See also:

  • Test

    Fetal echocardiography

    Fetal echocardiography is a test that uses sound waves () to evaluate the baby’s heart for problems before birth.

  • Test

    Fetal-maternal erythrocyte distribution

    The fetal-maternal erythrocyte distribution test is used to measure the number of the unborn baby’s red blood cells in a pregnant woman’s blood. See also:

  • Special Topic

    Folic acid and birth defect prevention

    The first trimester of pregnancy is the first three months after conception. Signs of early pregnancy are missed menstrual periods, fatigue, breast enlargement, abdominal distention, and nausea. During this period of time all organ development takes place so the fetus is most susceptible to damage from toxins, drugs, and infections.

  • Symptoms

    Fontanelles - bulging

    The "sutures" or anatomical lines where the bony plates of the skull join together can be easily felt in the newborn infant. The diamond shaped space on the top of the skull and the smaller space further to the back are often referred to as the "soft spot" in young infants.

    A bulging fontanelle is an outward curving of an infant’s soft spot (fontanelle).

  • Symptoms

    Fontanelles - enlarged

    The "sutures" or anatomical lines where the bony plates of the skull join together can be easily felt in the newborn infant. The diamond shaped space on the top of the skull and the smaller space further to the back are often referred to as the "soft spot" in young infants.

    Enlarged fontanelles are larger than expected soft spots for the age of a baby. The skull of an infant or young child is made up of bony plates that allow for growth of the skull. The borders at which these plates intersect are called sutures or suture lines. The spaces where these connect, but are ...

  • Symptoms

    Fontanelles - sunken

    The "sutures" or anatomical lines where the bony plates of the skull join together can be easily felt in the newborn infant. The diamond shaped space on the top of the skull and the smaller space further to the back are often referred to as the "soft spot" in young infants.

    Sunken fontanelles are an obvious curving in of the “soft spot” in an infant’s head.

  • Disease

    Fractured clavicle in the newborn

    The clavicle is also known as the collarbone and is the bone that runs from the sternum to the shoulder joint.  During labor this bone can be fractured and this injury is fairly common during difficult vaginal deliveries. Generally, there is no treatment other than lifting the child gently to prevent discomfort. Occasionally the arm on the affected side may be immobilized.

    A fractured clavicle in the newborn is a broken collar bone in a baby that was just delivered.

  • Symptoms

    Frontal bossing

    Frontal bossing is the descriptive term for a prominent forehead. Sometimes the brow (just above the eyes) is also heavier than normal as seen in acromegaly.

    Frontal bossing is an unusually prominent forehead, sometimes associated with a heavier than normal brow ridge.