Articles

  • Disease

    Galactosemia

    An infant with galactosemia is unable to use (metabolize) the simple sugar galactose, which reaches high levels in the body, causing damage to the liver, central nervous system and various other body systems. An infant with galactosemia may develop jaundice, vomiting, lethargy, irritability and convulsions.

    Galactosemia is a condition in which the body is unable to use (metabolize) the simple sugar galactose. Galactosemia is an inherited disorder. This means it ...

  • Disease

    Gastroesophageal reflux in infants

    Gastroesophageal reflux occurs when stomach contents leak backward from the stomach into the esophagus. This causes “spitting up” in infants. When a person e...

  • Disease

    Gastroschisis

    An abdominal hernia (gastroschisis) occurs when there is an area where the muscles are weak, and this allows the internal organs to bulge through the abdominal wall.

    Gastroschisis is a birth defect in which an infant’s intestines are outside of the body because of a hole in the abdominal wall. Gastroschisis is a type of h...

  • Surgery

    Gastroschisis repair

    Gastroschisis repair is surgery to correct a birth defect that causes an opening in the skin and muscles covering the belly (abdominal wall). The opening all...

  • Disease

    Gestational diabetes

    The pancreas is located behind the liver and is where the hormone insulin is produced. Insulin is used by the body to store and utilize glucose.

    Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar (diabetes) that starts or is first diagnosed during pregnancy. Pregnancy hormones can block insulin from doing its j...

  • Disease

    Group B streptococcal septicemia of the newborn

    Group B streptococcal septicemia is a severe bacterial infection that affects newborn infants. See also: Neonatal sepsis Septicemia is an infection in the bl...

  • Special Topic

    Growth chart

    Head circumference is a measurement of the circumference of the child's head at its largest area (above the eyebrows and ears and around the back of the head). During routine check-ups, the distance is measured and compared to previous measurements. Normal ranges are based on sex and age.

    Growth charts are used to compare your child’s height, weight, and head size against children of the same age. Growth charts can help both you and your healt...