Articles

  • Symptoms

    Palpebral slant - eye

    The direction of the slant of a line drawn from the outer corner of the eye to the inner corner is known as the palpebral slant. The most commonly recognized syndrome associated with an abnormal palpebral slant is Down's syndrome.

    The palpebral slant is the direction of the slant of a line drawn from the outer corner of the eye to the inner corner.

  • Disease

    Patent ductus arteriosus

    The interior of the heart is composed of valves, chambers, and associated vessels.

    Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a condition in which the ductus arteriosus does not close. The word “patent” means open. The ductus arteriosus is a blood...

  • Disease

    Patent foramen ovale

    The interior of the heart is composed of valves, chambers, and associated vessels.

    Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a hole between the left and right atria (upper chambers) of the heart. This hole exists in everyone before birth, but usually...

  • Surgery

    Pediatric heart surgery

    Heart surgery in children is done to repair heart defects a child is born with (congenital heart defects) and heart diseases a child gets after birth that...

  • Special Topic

    Percutaneously inserted central catheter - infants

    A percutaneously inserted central catheter (PICC) is a long, very thin, soft plastic tube that is put into a small blood vessel. This article addresses PICCs...

  • Special Topic

    Peripheral arterial line - infants

    A peripheral arterial line (PAL) is a small, short, plastic catheter that is put through the skin into an artery of the arm or leg. Doctors and nurses...

  • Special Topic

    Peripheral intravenous line - infants

    A peripheral intravenous line (PIV) is a small, short, plastic tube, called a catheter. A health care provider puts the PIV through the skin into a vein in...

  • Disease

    Periventricular leukomalacia

    Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is a type of brain injury that affects infants. The condition involves the death of small areas of brain tissue around...

  • Symptoms

    Pinna abnormalities and low-set ears

    Low set ears (pinna), abnormal rotation, the absence of ears, and abnormal folds in the ear may be associated with various medical conditions.

    Pinna abnormalities and low-set ears refer to an abnormal shape or position of the outer ear (pinna or auricle).

  • Disease

    Placenta abruptio

    The uterus is exposed through the abdominal wall, and an incision is made in the uterine covering. The muscles of the uterus are separated, producinga hole for the delivery of the infant. The infant is delivered through the opening in the uterine wall, after which, the uterus is stitched closed.

    Placenta abruptio is the separation of the placenta (the organ that nourishes the fetus) from its attachment to the uterus wall before the baby is delivered.