Articles

  • Test

    Serum phenylalanine screening

    Serum phenylalanine screening is a blood test to look for signs of the disease phenylketonuria (PKU). The test detects abnormally high levels of an amino aci...

  • Disease

    Sheehan syndrome

    Endocrine glands release hormones (chemical messengers) into the bloodstream to be transported to various organs and tissues throughout the body. For instance, the pancreas secretes insulin, which allows the body to regulate levels of sugar in the blood. The thyroid gets instructions from the pituitary to secrete hormones which determine the pace of chemical activity in the body (the more hormone in the bloodstream, the faster the chemical activity; the less hormone, the slower the activity).

    Sheehan syndrome is a condition that can occur in a woman who bleeds severely during childbirth. Sheehan syndrome is a type of hypopituitarism. Severe bleedi...

  • Symptoms

    Short philtrum

    The physical landmarks of the human face are very similar from one face to another.

    A short philtrum is a shorter than normal distance between the upper lip and the nose. The philtrum is the groove that runs from the top of the lip to the no...

  • Special Topic

    Skin characteristics in newborns

    It is common for a newborn to have fine, soft, light-colored hair called lanugo covering the forehead, cheeks, shoulders and back. Some newborns also have enlarged sebaceous glands appearing as small white dots on the face called milia. Both of these characteristics are normal and will disappear after a few weeks.

    A newborn infant’s skin goes through many changes both in appearance and texture. The skin of a healthy newborn at birth has: Deep red or purple skin and b...

  • Special Topic

    Spitting up

    To reduce spitting up, burp the baby several times during and after feeding. Sit the baby upright, with your hand supporting the head. Let the baby lean over slightly, bending at the waist. The upright posture moves air to the top of the stomach, and the forward lean puts a little pressure on the stomach to eject the air, helping the baby to burp.

    Spitting up is the gentle sloshing of stomach contents up and out of the mouth in babies, sometimes accompanied by a burp. It is different than vomiting. Mos...

  • Special Topic

    Stillbirth

    A stillbirth is when a fetus that was expected to survive dies during birth or during the last half of pregnancy. See also: Miscarriage Stillbirth is becomin...

  • Disease

    Sudden infant death syndrome

    Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the unexpected, sudden death of a child under age 1. An autopsy does not show an explainable cause of death. The cause...