Articles

  • Test

    Galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase blood test

    Galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase is a blood test that measures the level of a substance called GALT, which helps break down milk sugars in your body....

  • Disease

    Galactosemia

    An infant with galactosemia is unable to use (metabolize) the simple sugar galactose, which reaches high levels in the body, causing damage to the liver, central nervous system and various other body systems. An infant with galactosemia may develop jaundice, vomiting, lethargy, irritability and convulsions.

    Galactosemia is a condition in which the body is unable to use (metabolize) the simple sugar galactose.

  • Test

    Gallbladder radionuclide scan

    The gallbladder radionuclide scan is performed by injecting a tracer (radioactive chemical) into the bloodstream.  A gamma camera is used to perform the scan.  The camera will detect the gamma rays being emitted from the tracer, and the image of where the tracer is found in the organs is transmitted to a computer.  This test is very good for detecting acute infection (cholecystitis) or blockage of a bile duct. It is also helpful in determining whether there is rejection of a transplanted liver.

    Gallbladder radionuclide scan is a test that uses radioactive material to check gallbladder function. It is also used to look for bile duct blockage or leak.

  • Surgery

    Gallbladder removal - laparoscopic

    The gallbladder is a sac located under the liver. It stores and concentrates the bile produced in the liver. Bile is released from the gallbladder in response to food, especially fats, in the upper small intestine.

    Laparoscopic gallbladder removal is surgery to remove the gallbladder using a medical device called a laparoscope.

  • Surgery

    Gallbladder removal - open

    This is a CT scan of the upper abdomen showing cholecystitis (gall stones).

    Open gallbladder removal is surgery to remove the gallbladder through a large cut in your abdomen.

  • Test

    Gallium scan

    The gallium scan is a type of nuclear scan involving radioactive gallium which helps determine whether a patient has inflammation in the lungs. Gallium is injected in a vein and a series of x-rays are taken to identify where the gallium has accumulated in the lungs. This test is most often performed when there is evidence of inflammation in the lungs (sarcoidosis).

    A gallium scan is a test to look for swelling (inflammation), infection, or cancer in the body. It uses a radioactive material called gallium and is a type...

  • Disease

    Gallstones

    The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

    Gallstones are hard deposits that form inside the gallbladder. Gallstones may be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball.

  • Test

    Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) blood test

    The gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) blood test measures the level of the enzyme GGT in the blood.

  • Disease

    Ganglioneuroblastoma

    Ganglioneuroblastoma is an intermediate tumor that arises from nerve tissues. An intermediate tumor is one that is between benign (slow-growing and unlikely...

  • Disease

    Ganglioneuroma

    The central nervous system is comprised of the brain and spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system includes all peripheral nerves.

    Ganglioneuroma is a tumor of the peripheral nervous system.