Health Library

Information on Health Conditions and Treatments

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Information on Health Conditions and Treatments

Welcome to the Scripps health information library. It’s part of our commitment to partnering with you for lifelong wellness.


Here you can read articles on hundreds of health conditions and wellness topics, complete with medical illustrations and links to related symptoms, procedures and conditions.


Visit the library content using the tools below.

  • Self-Care Instructions

    Ibuprofen dosing for children

  • Poison

    Ibuprofen overdose

    Ibuprofen is a type of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Ibuprofen overdose occurs when someone accidentally or intentionally takes more than the...

  • Disease

    Ichthyosis vulgaris

    The skin is the largest organ of the body.  The skin and its derivatives (hair, nails, sweat and oil glands) make up the integumentary system. One of the main functions of the skin is protection.  It protects the body from external factors such as bacteria, chemicals, and temperature.  The skin contains secretions that can kill bacteria and the pigment melanin provides a chemical pigment defense against ultraviolet light that can damage skin cells.  Another important function of the skin is body temperature regulation. When the skin is exposed to a cold temperature, the blood vessels in the dermis constrict. This allows the blood which is warm, to bypass the skin.  The skin then becomes the temperature of the cold it is exposed to.  Body heat is conserved since the blood vessels are not diverting heat to the skin anymore.  Among its many functions the skin is an incredible organ always protecting the body from external agents.

    Ichthyosis vulgaris is a skin disorder passed down through families that leads to dry, scaly skin.

  • Disease

    Idiopathic hypercalciuria

    The urinary system is made up of the kidneys, ureters, urethra and bladder.

    Idiopathic hypercalciuria is the presence of excess calcium in the urine without an obvious cause. This condition can lead to kidney stones or osteoporosis.

  • Disease

    Idiopathic hypersomnia

    Sleep patterns change with age, anxiety levels and many other factors. Normally, younger people have more concentrated periods of deep sleep compared to older people.

    Idiopathic hypersomnia is a sleep disorder in which a person is excessively sleepy (hypersomnia) during the day and has great difficulty being awakened from...

  • Disease

    Idiopathic livedo reticularis

    This is a close-up view of livedo reticularis.  Livedo is a descriptive term used to describe the red, non-blanchable (doesn't turn white when pressed) network-pattern (reticulated) in the skin caused by plugging of the blood vessels.  This condition has many causes.

    Idiopathic or primary livedo reticularis refers to a netlike pattern of reddish-blue skin discoloration. Usually the legs are affected. The condition is...

  • Disease

    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

    Spirometry is a painless study of air volume and flow rate within the lungs. Spirometry is frequently used to evaluate lung function in people with obstructive or restrictive lung diseases such as asthma or cystic fibrosis.

    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is scarring or thickening of the lungs without a known cause.

  • Disease

    Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)

    Blood is comprised of red blood cells, platelets, and various white blood cells.

    Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a bleeding disorder in which the immune system destroys platelets, which are necessary for normal blood...

  • Disease

    IgA nephropathy

    The urinary system is made up of the kidneys, ureters, urethra and bladder.

    IgA nephropathy is a kidney disorder in which antibodies called IgA build up in kidney tissue. Nephropathy is damage, disease, or other problems with the...

  • Surgery

    Ileostomy

    An ileostomy is used to move waste out of the body when the colon or rectum is not working properly. The word “ileostomy” comes from the words “ileum” and...