Articles

  • Disease

    Basal cell skin cancer

    Basal cell nevus syndrome is an inherited disorder characterized by wide-set eyes, saddle nose, frontal bossing (prominent forehead), prognathism (prominent chin), numerous basal cell carcinomas, and skeletal abnormalities. Skin manifestations include pits in the palms and soles, and numerous basal cell carcinomas. This picture is a close-up of the pits found in the palm of an individual with basal cell nevus syndrome.

    Basal cell cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States. Most skin cancers are basal cell cancer. Basal cell cancer is almost always...

  • Disease

    Bladder cancer

    Cystoscopy is a procedure that uses a flexible fiber optic scope inserted through the urethra into the urinary bladder. The physician fills the bladder with water and inspects the interior of the bladder. The image seen through the cystoscope may also be viewed on a color monitor and recorded on videotape for later evaluation.

    Bladder cancer is a cancer that starts in the bladder. The bladder is the body part that holds and releases urine. It is in the center of the lower abdomen.

  • Surgery

    Bone marrow transplant

    A small amount of bone marrow is removed during a bone marrow aspiration. The procedure is uncomfortable, but can be tolerated by both children and adults. The marrow can be studied to determine the cause of anemia, the presence of leukemia or other malignancy, or the presence of some storage diseases, in which abnormal metabolic products are stored in certain bone marrow cells.

    A bone marrow transplant is a procedure to replace damaged or destroyed bone marrow with healthy bone marrow stem cells. Bone marrow is the soft, fatty...

  • Disease

    Bone tumor

    X-rays are a form of ionizing radiation that can penetrate the body to form an image on film. Structures that are dense (such as bone) will appear white, air will be black, and other structures will be shades of gray depending on density. X-rays can provide information about obstructions, tumors, and other diseases, especially when coupled with the use of barium and air contrast within the bowel.

    A bone tumor is an abnormal growth of cells within a bone. A bone tumor may be cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign).

  • Disease

    Breast cancer

    The female breast is either of two mammary glands (organs of milk secretion) on the chest.

    Breast cancer is cancer that starts in the tissues of the breast. There are 2 main types of breast cancer: Ductal carcinoma starts in the tubes (ducts)...

  • Disease

    Burkitt lymphoma

    The lymphatic system filters fluid from around cells.  It is an important part of the immune system.  When people refer to swollen glands in the neck, they are usually referring to swollen lymph nodes.  Common areas where lymph nodes can be easily felt, especially if they are enlarged, are: the groin, armpits (axilla), above the clavicle (supraclavicular), in the neck (cervical), and the back of the head just above hairline (occipital).

    Burkitt lymphoma is a very fast growing form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.