Articles

  • Disease

    Cancer - penis

    
The male reproductive structures include the penis, the scrotum, the seminal vesicles and the prostate.

    Cancer of the penis is cancer that starts in the penis, an organ that makes up part of the male reproductive system.

  • Disease

    Carcinoid syndrome

    Carcinoid syndrome is the pattern of symptoms that typically are exhibited by people with carcinoid tumors. The symptoms include bright red facial flushing, diarrhea, and occasionally wheezing. A specific type of heart valve damage can occur, as well as other cardiac problems.  Carcinoid tumors secrete excessive amounts of the hormone serotonin.  Surgery with complete removal of the tumor tissue is the ideal treatment. It can result in a permanent cure if it is possible to remove the tumor entirely.

    Carcinoid syndrome is a group of symptoms associated with carcinoid tumors — tumors of the small intestine, colon, appendix, and bronchial tubes in the lungs.

  • Disease

    Cervical cancer

    The cold cone biopsy is a surgical procedure requiring general anesthesia and is indicated by the presence of precancerous changes in the cervix.

    Cervical cancer is cancer that starts in the cervix. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb) that opens at the top of the vagina.

  • Special Topic

    Chemotherapy

    The immune system protects the body from potentially harmful substances. The inflammatory response (inflammation) is part of innate immunity. It occurs when tissues are injured by bacteria, trauma, toxins, heat or any other cause.

    The term chemotherapy is used to describe cancer-killing drugs. Chemotherapy may be used to: Cure the cancer Shrink the cancer Prevent the cancer from...

  • Disease

    Cholangiocarcinoma

    The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

    Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a rare cancerous (malignant) growth in one of the ducts that carries bile from the liver to the small intestine.

  • Disease

    Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)

    A small amount of bone marrow is removed during a bone marrow aspiration. The procedure is uncomfortable, but can be tolerated by both children and adults. The marrow can be studied to determine the cause of anemia, the presence of leukemia or other malignancy, or the presence of some storage diseases, in which abnormal metabolic products are stored in certain bone marrow cells.

    Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is cancer of a type of white blood cells called lymphocytes. These cells are found in the bone marrow and other parts of...

  • Disease

    Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)

    A small amount of bone marrow is removed during a bone marrow aspiration. The procedure is uncomfortable, but can be tolerated by both children and adults. The marrow can be studied to determine the cause of anemia, the presence of leukemia or other malignancy, or the presence of some storage diseases, in which abnormal metabolic products are stored in certain bone marrow cells.

    Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is cancer that starts inside bone marrow. This is the soft tissue in the center of bones that helps form all blood...

  • Disease

    Colon cancer

    The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

    Colon, or colorectal cancer, is cancer that starts in the large intestine (colon) or the rectum (end of the colon). Other types of cancer can affect the...

  • Special Topic

    Colon cancer screening

    A barium enema in a patient with cancer of the large bowel (sigmoid area).

    Colon cancer screening can detect polyps and early cancers in the large intestine. This type of screening can find problems that can be treated before cancer...

  • Disease

    Colorectal polyps

    The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

    A colorectal polyp is a growth on the lining of the colon or rectum.