Articles

  • Disease

    Insulinoma

    Endocrine glands release hormones (chemical messengers) into the bloodstream to be transported to various organs and tissues throughout the body. For instance, the pancreas secretes insulin, which allows the body to regulate levels of sugar in the blood. The thyroid gets instructions from the pituitary to secrete hormones which determine the pace of chemical activity in the body (the more hormone in the bloodstream, the faster the chemical activity; the less hormone, the slower the activity).

    An insulinoma is a tumor in the pancreas that produces too much insulin.

  • Disease

    Low blood sugar

    Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas in response to increased glucose levels in the blood.

    Low blood sugar is a condition that occurs when the body’s blood sugar (glucose) decreases and is too low. Blood sugar below 70 mg/dL is considered low....

  • Disease

    Metabolic syndrome

    Metabolic syndrome is a name for a group of risk factors that occur together and increase the chance of having coronary artery disease, stroke, and type 2...

  • Disease

    Obesity

    Obesity increases a person's risk of illness and death due to diabetes, stroke, heart disease, hypertension, high cholesterol, and kidney and gallbladder disease. Obesity may increase the risk for some types of cancer. It is also a risk factor for the development of osteoarthritis and sleep apnea.

    Obesity means having too much body fat. It is not the same as being overweight, which means weighing too much. A person may be overweight from extra muscle...

  • Disease

    Osteoporosis - overview

    A bone density scan measures the density of bone in a person.  The lower the density of a bone the higher the risk of fractures.  A bone scan, along with a patient's medical history, is a useful aid in evaluating the probability of a fracture and whether any preventative treatment is needed.  A bone density scan has the advantage of being painless and exposing the patient to only a small amount of radiation.

    Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become fragile and more likely to break (fracture).

  • Disease

    Polycystic ovary syndrome

    External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.

    Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition in which a woman has an imbalance of female sex hormones. This may lead to changes in the menstrual cycle,...