Articles

  • Disease

    Diabetes

    The pancreas is located behind the liver and is where the hormone insulin is produced. Insulin is used by the body to store and utilize glucose.

    Diabetes is a chronic disease in which the body cannot regulate the amount of sugar in the blood.

  • Disease

    Diabetes and eye disease

    
A slit-lamp, which is a specialized magnifying microscope, is used to examine the structures of the eye (including the cornea, iris, vitreous, and retina). The slit-lamp is used to examine, treat (with a laser), and photograph (with a camera) the eye.

    Diabetes can harm the eyes. It can damage the small blood vessels in the retina, the back part of your eye. This condition is called diabetic...

  • Disease

    Diabetes and kidney disease

    The urinary system is made up of the kidneys, ureters, urethra and bladder.

    Kidney disease or kidney damage often occurs over time in people with diabetes. This type of kidney disease is called diabetic nephropathy.

  • Disease

    Diabetes and nerve damage

    Diabetes can damage the nerves and cause a complication called neuropathy. This generally begins as loss of sensation in the toes, and possibly fingers. Eventually, the neuropathy can move up the person's legs or arms.

    Nerve damage that occurs in people with diabetes is called diabetic neuropathy. This condition is a complication of diabetes.

  • Nutrition

    Diabetes diet - gestational

    Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar (glucose) that starts during pregnancy. Eating a balanced, healthy diet can help you manage gestational diabetes....

  • Nutrition

    Diabetes type 2 - meal planning

    When you have type 2 diabetes, taking time to plan your meals goes a long way toward controlling your blood sugar and weight.

  • Disease

    Diabetic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome

    Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas in response to increased glucose levels in the blood.

    Diabetic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome (HHS) is a complication of type 2 diabetes. It involves extremely high blood sugar (glucose) level without the...

  • Disease

    Diabetic ketoacidosis

    Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas in response to increased glucose levels in the blood.

    Diabetic ketoacidosis is a life-threatening problem that affects people with diabetes. It occurs when the body cannot use sugar (glucose) as a fuel source...

  • Disease

    Gestational diabetes

    The pancreas is located behind the liver and is where the hormone insulin is produced. Insulin is used by the body to store and utilize glucose.

    Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar (diabetes) that starts or is first diagnosed during pregnancy.

  • Disease

    Gigantism

    Endocrine glands release hormones (chemical messengers) into the bloodstream to be transported to various organs and tissues throughout the body. For instance, the pancreas secretes insulin, which allows the body to regulate levels of sugar in the blood. The thyroid gets instructions from the pituitary to secrete hormones which determine the pace of chemical activity in the body (the more hormone in the bloodstream, the faster the chemical activity; the less hormone, the slower the activity).

    Gigantism is abnormal growth due to an excess of growth hormone during childhood.