• Disease


    Sleep patterns change with age, anxiety levels and many other factors. Normally, younger people have more concentrated periods of deep sleep compared to older people.

    Narcolepsy is a nervous system problem that causes extreme sleepiness and attacks of daytime sleep.

  • Special Topic

    Nasal CPAP

    CPAP is an airway treatment that applies a constant pressure of forced air to keep the airway open.

    CPAP stands for continuous positive airway pressure. CPAP pumps air under pressure into the airway of the lungs, keeping the windpipe open during sleep. The...

  • Test

    Nasal mucosal biopsy

    Structures of the throat include the esophagus, trachea, epiglottis and tonsils.

    A nasal mucosal biopsy is the removal of a small piece of tissue from the lining of the nose so that it can be checked for disease.

  • Test

    Nasopharyngeal culture

    A nasopharyngeal culture is a test used to identify organisms that can be in nasal secretions causing disease.  Nasopharyngeal cultures are useful in identifying Bordetella pertussis and Neisseria meningitidis (types of bacteria). The culture may be used to test for appropriate antibiotic therapy.

    Nasopharyngeal culture is a test that examines a sample of secretions from the uppermost part of the throat, behind the nose, to detect organisms that can...

  • Disease

    Natural short sleeper

    A natural short sleeper is an individual who requires less than 8 to 10 hours of sleep per 24 hour period for normal function.

    A natural short sleeper is someone who sleeps a lot less in a 24-hour period than is expected for people of the same age, without being abnormally sleepy.

  • Test

    Neonatal cystic fibrosis screening test

    To draw blood, a needle is inserted beneath the skin. Regardless of the amount of pain, infants will usually cry.

    Neonatal cystic fibrosis screening is a blood test that screens newborns for cystic fibrosis (CF).