There are many factors that could complicate a couple’s inability to conceive. The first step toward determining the cause of infertility is fertility testing. Through accurate fertility tests, your reproductive medicine specialist can help create a fertility treatment plan that’s right for you.
The causes of infertility in women can often be complex. Your physician may perform multiple fertility tests to determine the exact cause of your infertility. These tests may include:
- Hormone blood tests to check for proper hormone levels and cycles of ovulation
- Pelvic sonograms—also called ultrasounds—are a non-invasive imaging procedure that can reveal the presence of fertility problems such as fibroids
- Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) is also known as a tubal dye test. During a hysterosalpingogram, a thin tube inserted through the vagina distributes dye into the uterus and fallopian tubes. A hysterosalpingogram uses X-ray images to capture the passage of the dye as it passes through the uterus and fallopian tubes. A hysterosalpingogram can reveal any fallopian blockages that could be causing infertility.
- Laparoscopy is used to examine the pelvic organs from the inside via a small camera that is surgically inserted into the abdomen through the navel. Once the camera is in place, the surgeon can check for abnormal growths or adhesions on the uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries.
The most common type of male fertility testing is semen analysis. During a semen analysis test, your semen will be checked for signs of infertility including low sperm motility, a low sperm count or high acidity of semen. A thorough semen analysis will help your physician determine if there are issues with sperm production or quality.
Other types of male fertility testing are dependent on the result of the semen analysis. Additional types of male fertility testing include:
- Physical examinations
- Hormone testing
- Genetic testing
- Testing for anti-sperm antibodies