If male infertility is suspected, one of the first male infertility tests your physician will perform is a semen analysis. This is a form of non-invasive male infertility testing where a sample of semen is reviewed under a microscope to ensure that the semen is of the quantity and quality necessary for reproduction.
Artificial insemination may be an option to overcome some causes of male infertility. During artificial insemination, a sample of healthy sperm is artificially placed by a physician in the cervix, uterus or fallopian tubes. If male infertility testing reveals low motility in sperm or an insufficient quantity of semen, artificial insemination can reduce the amount of space the sperm has to travel to fertilize an egg.
In some cases, surgical and non-surgical procedures are necessary to correct male infertility. Some of these procedures include:
- Reversal of male sterilization
Surgical repair of varicoceles (varicocelectomy)
Varicose veins that run along the testicles. Varicoceles are the most common cause of male infertility
Sperm is extracted using a small needle. Sperm can be aspirated from the testicles with a procedure called a testicular sperm aspiration (TESA). Sperm may also be extracted from the epididymis through procedures such as microepididymal sperm aspiration (MESA) and percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration (PESA).
Testicular sperm extraction (TESE)
A procedure where sperm is surgically removed through a small incision in the skin and a small portion of the testicular tissue is removed.