• Disease

    Fetal alcohol syndrome

    There are typically two creases in the palm, but in some people, only one crease is present. A single palmar crease occurs in about 1 out of 30 people, but is also frequently associated with other conditions such as Down syndrome, Aarskog syndrome or fetal alcohol syndrome.

    Fetal alcohol syndrome is growth, mental, and physical problems that may occur in a baby when a mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy.

  • Special Topic

    Fetal development

    A fetus at 10 weeks of development has fully formed eyelids and well-formed digits and ears.

    Learn how your baby is conceived and how your baby develops inside the mother’s womb.

  • Special Topic

    Folic acid and birth defect prevention

    The first trimester of pregnancy is the first three months after conception. Signs of early pregnancy are missed menstrual periods, fatigue, breast enlargement, abdominal distention, and nausea. During this period of time all organ development takes place so the fetus is most susceptible to damage from toxins, drugs, and infections.

    Taking folic acid before and during pregnancy can reduce the risk of certain birth defects. These include spina bifida, anencephaly, and some heart...

  • Disease

    Fractured clavicle in the newborn

    The clavicle is also known as the collarbone and is the bone that runs from the sternum to the shoulder joint.  During labor this bone can be fractured and this injury is fairly common during difficult vaginal deliveries. Generally, there is no treatment other than lifting the child gently to prevent discomfort. Occasionally the arm on the affected side may be immobilized.

    A fractured clavicle in the newborn is a broken collar bone in a baby that was just delivered.