Articles

  • Disease

    Caput succedaneum

    Swelling and bruising usually occur on the top of the scalp where the head first enters the cervix during birth. This area is called a caput succedaneum and feels like a soft, spongy mass. This infant has a large caput on the right side of the scalp.

    Caput succedaneum is swelling of the scalp in a newborn. It is most often brought on by pressure from the uterus or vaginal wall during a head-first (vertex)...

  • Special Topic

    Central venous line - infants

    Central venous catheter

    A central venous line (CVL) is a long, soft, plastic tube that is put into a large vein in the chest. WHY IS A CVL USED? A CVL is often put in when a baby...

  • Special Topic

    Changes in the newborn at birth

    The first bowel movement a baby has is called meconium.  Meconium is composed of amniotic fluid, mucus, lanugo (the fine hair that covers the baby's body), bile, and cells that have been shed from the skin and the intestinal tract. Meconium is thick, greenish black, and sticky.

    Changes in the newborn at birth refer to the changes an infant’s body undergoes to adapt to life outside the womb.

  • Poison

    Chlorophyll

    Chlorophyll is the chemical that makes plants green. Chlorophyll poisoning occurs when someone swallows a large amount of this substance. This article is for...

  • Surgery

    Circumcision

    The foreskin is also known as the prepuce.  It is the loose fold of skin on the head of the penis.  The foreskin is the portion of tissue that is removed during circumcision.

    Circumcision is the surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis.

  • Disease

    Congenital syphilis

    Congenital syphilis is a severe, disabling, and often life-threatening infection seen in infants. A pregnant mother who has syphilis can spread the disease...

  • Nutrition

    Cow's milk - infants

    If your child is under 1 year old, you should not feed your baby cow’s milk, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). Cow’s milk does not...

  • Special Topic

    Cow's milk and children

    Cow's milk is not recommended for infants under less than one year old because the milk contains too much salt and protein.  For infants who are not breastfed, infant formula is given in its place. The carbohydrate, fat, protein, vitamin, and mineral content is formulated to be as close to human breast milk as possible.

    You may have heard that cow’s milk should not be given to babies younger than 1 year old. This is because cow’s milk doesn’t provide enough of certain...

  • Symptoms

    Crying - excessive (0 to 6 months)

    Infants instinctively cry to communicate hunger, thirst, discomfort, tiredness, or loneliness. However, excessive crying may suggest a disorder that requires treatment.

    Infants normally cry about 1 to 3 hours a day. It is perfectly normal for an infant to cry when hungry, thirsty, tired, lonely, or in pain. It is also normal...

  • Special Topic

    Crying in infancy

    To reduce spitting up, burp the baby several times during and after feeding. One technique is to sit the baby upright, with your hand supporting the head. Let the baby lean over slightly, bending at the waist. The upright posture moves air to the top of the stomach, and the forward lean puts a little pressure on the stomach to eject the air, helping the baby to burp.

    Infants have a cry reflex that is a normal response to stimuli, such as pain or hunger. Premature infants may not have a cry reflex. Therefore, they must be...