Articles

  • Surgery

    Mastectomy

    The female breast is either of two mammary glands (organs of milk secretion) on the chest.

    A mastectomy is surgery to remove the entire breast. Most of the time, some of the skin and the nipple are also removed. The surgery is most often done to...

  • Disease

    Menopause

    Menopause is the transition in a woman's life when the ovaries stop releasing eggs, menstrual activity decreases and eventually ceases, and the body decreases the production of the female hormones estrogen and progesterone.

    Menopause is the time in a woman’s life when her periods (menstruation) stop. Most often, it is a natural, normal body change that most often occurs between...

  • Disease

    Miscarriage

    The uterus is a muscular organ with thick walls, two upper openings to the fallopian tubes and an inferior opening to the vagina.

    A miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a fetus before the 20th week of pregnancy. (Pregnancy losses after the 20th week are called stillbirths.) A...

  • Disease

    Miscarriage - threatened

    A threatened miscarriage is a condition that suggests a miscarriage might take place before the 20th week of pregnancy. Symptoms include vaginal bleeding and abdominal cramps.

    A threatened miscarriage is a condition that suggests a miscarriage might take place before the 20th week of pregnancy.

  • Disease

    Mittelschmerz

    The female reproductive organs are located in the lower abdomen.

    Mittelschmerz is one-sided, lower abdominal pain that affects some women. It occurs at or around the time of an egg is released from the ovaries (ovulation).