Articles

  • Symptoms

    Palpebral slant - eye

    The direction of the slant of a line drawn from the outer corner of the eye to the inner corner is known as the palpebral slant. The most commonly recognized syndrome associated with an abnormal palpebral slant is Down's syndrome.

    The palpebral slant is the direction of the slant of a line that goes from the outer corner of the eye to the inner corner.

  • Disease

    Patent ductus arteriosus

    The interior of the heart is composed of valves, chambers, and associated vessels.

    Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a condition in which the ductus arteriosus does not close. The word “patent” means open. The ductus arteriosus is a blood...

  • Disease

    Patent foramen ovale

    The interior of the heart is composed of valves, chambers, and associated vessels.

    Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a hole between the left and right atria (upper chambers) of the heart. This hole exists in everyone before birth, but most...

  • Surgery

    Pediatric heart surgery

    Heart surgery in children is done to repair heart defects a child is born with (congenital heart defects) and heart diseases a child gets after birth that...

  • Special Topic

    Percutaneously inserted central catheter - infants

    A percutaneously inserted central catheter (PICC) is a long, very thin, soft plastic tube that is put into a small blood vessel. This article addresses PICCs...

  • Special Topic

    Peripheral arterial line - infants

    Peripheral arterial line

    A peripheral arterial line (PAL) is a small, short, plastic catheter that is put through the skin into an artery of the arm or leg. Health care providers...

  • Special Topic

    Peripheral intravenous line - infants

    Peripheral intravenous line

    A peripheral intravenous line (PIV) is a small, short, plastic tube, called a catheter. A health care provider puts the PIV through the skin into a vein in...

  • Disease

    Periventricular leukomalacia

    Periventricular leukomalacia

    Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is a type of brain injury that affects infants. The condition involves the death of small areas of brain tissue around...

  • Disease

    Placenta abruption - definition

    The placenta is the organ that supplies food and oxygen to the baby during pregnancy. Placental abruption is when the placenta detaches from the wall of the...

  • Disease

    Placenta previa

    The uterus is exposed through the abdominal wall, and an incision is made in the uterine covering. The muscles of the uterus are separated, producing a hole for the delivery of the infant. The infant is delivered through the opening in the uterine wall, after which, the uterus is stitched closed.

    Placenta previa is a problem of pregnancy in which the placenta grows in the lowest part of the womb (uterus) and covers all or part of the opening to the...