Racism in American Medicine

An book is open on a table with a stethoscope on top of it.

About This Activity

Program Overview

This continuing education activity is designed to decrease inequities in care by helping providers understand the impact of racism on American medicine and what they can do to help.

Educational Objectives

After completing this internet enduring material, participants should be able to:

  • Evaluate inequities in health outcomes research.
  • Describe how social determinants of health impact health inequities.
  • Recognize why Black women feel apprehensive about doctor’s office visits and how intersectionality compounds health care inequities.
  • Identify ways to avoid patient grievances.


Tina Sacks, PhD

Dr. Tina Sacks is an Assistant Professor of Social Welfare and faculty chair of the Center for Research on Social Change at the University of California, Berkeley. She was special assistant to the director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for nearly a decade. Dr. Sacks’ vast experience also includes serving as the legislative director at the Baltimore City Health Department, as well as executive director of the Illinois Association of Free and Charitable Clinics. Her recent book, Invisible Visits, Black Middle-Class Women in the American Healthcare System, published by Oxford University Press, is now available.

Lily Lamboy, PhD

Dr. Lily Lamboy earned her PhD from Stanford’s political science department with a focus on social inequality. She is a published scholar on racial and gender inequality and economic justice. Other specialties include power hierarchies, designing equitable systems, and organizational strategies to promote equity, justice, and inclusion.

Enduring Material Details

Released On

October 17, 2022

Expires On

October 16, 2023

Media Type

Internet Enduring Material

Completion Time

60 minutes

Credit Available

Maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™

Target Audience

This activity is intended for all health care providers.

Disclosure Policy

In accordance with the ACCME Standards for Integrity and Independence in Accredited Continuing Education, course directors, planners, moderators, faculty, and all others in control of the educational content of the continuing education activity must disclose all financial relationships with ineligible companies that they may have had within the past 24 months. If an individual refuses to disclose financial relationships, they will be disqualified from being a part of the planning and implementation of the activity. Owners and/or employees of an ineligible company with business lines or products relating to the content of the activity will not be permitted to participate in the planning or execution of any accredited program. All listed relevant financial relationships with ineligible companies for individuals in control of content have been mitigated.


A complete listing of relevant financial relationships for all those involved in developing and influencing the content of this activity is below.


Role in Activity

Ineligible Company

Nature of Relevant Financial Relationship

Linda Fleischman

Course Director

  • None
  • N/A

Lily Lamboy, PhD


  • None
  • N/A

Bob Leydorf


  • None
  • N/A

Tina Sacks, PhD


  • None
  • N/A

CME Committee

CE approval, all final decision-making on activities

  • None
  • N/A

Scripps Conference Services & CME

Plan, manage, implement, and reconcile CE activities

  • None
  • N/A

Accreditation and Conflict of Interest Mitigation


This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint providership of Scripps Health and Blue Shield of California. Scripps Health is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.



Scripps Health designates this internet enduring material for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.


Nurses and Nurse Practitioners

For the purpose of recertification, the American Nurses Credentialing Center accepts AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ issued by organizations accredited by the ACCME.


For the purpose of re-licensure, the California Board of Registered Nursing accepts AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ for attendance at structured learning activities offered by organizations accredited by the ACCME.


The American Academy of Nurse Practitioners Certified Program (AANPCP) and the American Association of Nurse Practitioners (AANP) accept AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ from organizations accredited by the ACCME.


Physician Assistants

PAs may claim a maximum of 1 Category 1 credits for completing this activity. NCCPA accepts AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ from organizations accredited by the ACCME.



The California Board of Pharmacy accepts as continuing professional education those courses that meet the standard of relevance to pharmacy practice and have been approved for AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™.


Conflict of Interest (COI) Mitigation

All relevant financial relationships with ineligible companies listed for individuals in control of content have been mitigated using a multi-step process including independent peer review of presentations.

Event details

Content Available

Mon, Oct 17, 2022 - Mon, Oct 16, 2023

1 hour