Sarcomas are a rare type of cancer that affect the bones or soft tissues of the body. Osteosarcomas affect bone. Soft tissue sarcomas start in soft tissues, such as fat, muscle, nerves, fibrous tissues or blood vessels. There are dozens of types of soft tissue sarcomas, and they usually develop in the arms or legs.
Scripps MD Anderson Cancer Center treats sarcomas and bone cancers with a variety of therapies based on the type of cancer, whether it has spread, and the patient’s medical history and overall health. Learn more about the various types of sarcoma and bone cancer below.
Most soft tissue sarcoma tumors of this rare cancer develop in the arms or legs, but they can also appear in the torso, head and neck areas. There are nearly 50 subtypes of soft tissue sarcoma. It is named so because it develops in soft tissues such as muscle, nerves, fat and blood vessels, as well as fibrous tissues like tendons and ligaments. Learn more about soft tissue sarcoma.