The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body, extending from the spinal cord as nerve roots in the lower spine and running down the back of the leg to the toes. Pressure on this nerve can lead to a painful condition called sciatica.
Sciatica is a type of radiculopathy in which pain may be felt in the lower back and hip or down into the leg. In some cases, spine surgery may be recommended to help relieve pain.
Scoliosis is the sideways curve of the spine. It’s most often seen in children and teens. In some cases, spine surgery may be recommended.
A sesamoid bone is a bone that naturally grows within a tendon. In the feet, the sesamoid bones are small bones that grow within the tendons that run to the big toe. Inflammation of these bones is called sesamoiditis.
Sesamoiditis is an inflammation of the sesamoid bones in the front part of the foot. It causes pain in the ball of the foot, specifically under the big toe joint. In some cases, foot surgery may be needed to relieve pain.
Also called total shoulder replacement, shoulder arthroplasty is a procedure to remove the damaged surfaces of the shoulder bone and replace them with metal, plastic or ceramic materials. Learn more about shoulder surgery.
Shoulder resurfacing is a type of shoulder procedure in which the joint is resurfaced but not replaced. Learn more about shoulder surgery.
A SLAP tear stands for superior labral tear from anterior to posterior. It’s a type of tear in the top part of the labrum, which is a piece of cartilage in the shoulder. Many people with a SLAP injury will see a sports medicine physician for treatment, which may involve medication, physical therapy or shoulder surgery.
A spinal deformity is when the bones (vertebrae) in the back do not develop properly.
Spinal fusion is a permanent procedure to join two or more bones (vertebrae) in the back to create stability. Learn more about spine surgery.
Spinal stenosis is the narrowing of spinal canal, often in the neck or lower back. It can lead to a pinched nerve, which can cause pain, numbness and other symptoms. In some cases, spine surgery may be needed.
Spinal tumors are growths in the backbone. They can be benign or cancer. Both types can put pressure on the nerves in the back and may require spine surgery.
Also called the backbone, the spine is a complex part of the anatomy that extends from the neck to the buttocks area. It protects the spinal cord and nerves, helps support the body's weight and allows humans to stand upright. A spinal injury, tumor or disease may require spine surgery.
Spine surgery is any invasive procedure involving the spine. Learn more about spine surgery.
Spondylolisthesis is when a bone (vertebra) in the lower back slips over the bone directly below it, which can put pressure on the nerves and cause severe back pain. It's often caused by an untreated crack or fracture. In some cases, spine surgery may be needed.
Spondylosis a general term for age-related wear and tear of the spine. It can also refer to a crack or stress fracture in the backbone. In some cases, spine surgery may be needed.
Sports medicine is a medical specialty that focuses on sports injuries and conditions related to athletic activities. Learn more about sports medicine.
A common sports medicine condition, a sprain is an injury to the ligaments around a joint. It occurs when the joint moves beyond its normal range of motion due to force.
stem cell injection
Stem cell injection is a non-FDA approved procedure in which stem cells are introduced to an injured or diseased part of the body.
A stress fracture is a small crack in a bone caused by overuse. It is often treated by a sports medicine physician or general orthopedist.